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See also: and
U+71B1, 熱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-71B1

[U+71B0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+71B2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 土戈火 (GIF), four-corner 45331, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 681, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19360
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1092, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2230, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+71B1

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms 𤍠
𤉟
𤋩
𤎮
𪌌

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋr'eːds, *ŋeds
*hŋjeds
*ŋeds
*ŋeds
*ŋeds
*ŋeds
*ŋeds
*ŋʷjed
*sŋed
*sŋed
*ŋjed
*ŋeːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋjed): phonetic  (OC *ŋeds) + semantic  (fire).

Etymology[edit]

Schuessler (2007) considers this a *-t derivation of Proto-Sino-Tibetan *nwe (warm) (with initial *n- ~ ŋ- vacillation), whence also Burmese နွေး (nwe:, warm; lukewarm) and နွှေး (hnwe:, to warm something; to revise).

Often considered to be related to (OC *ŋʷjed, “to burn; to toast”) and (OC *njod, “hot”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lia̍t/jia̍t - literary;
  • loa̍h/joa̍h - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʐɤ⁵¹/
    Harbin /ʐɤ⁵³/
    Tianjin /iɤ⁵³/
    /ʐɤ⁵³/
    Jinan /ʐə²¹/
    Qingdao /iə⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʐʐ̩ɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /ʐɤ²¹/
    Xining /ʐɛ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʐə¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʐə¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʐɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /nɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /ze³¹/
    Guiyang /zɛ²¹/
    Kunming /ʐə³¹/
    Nanjing /ʐəʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʐɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /zaʔ²/
    Pingyao /ʐʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /ʐaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ȵiɪʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ȵiəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /zz̩ʷəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ȵi²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /ne²²/
    Tunxi /ȵia¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ye²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ie²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /lɛʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /ŋiat̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /ŋiet̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jit̚²/
    Nanning /jit̚²²/
    Hong Kong /jit̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liat̚⁵/
    /luaʔ⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ieʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iɛ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ziak̚⁵/
    /zuaʔ⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zit̚³/
    /zua³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (38)
    Final () (81)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ȵiᴇt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ȵiɛt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȵʑjæt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ȵiat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȵiɛt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȵʑĭɛt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȵʑi̯ɛt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nyet ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.nat/ (or *C.ŋet?)
    English hot

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15099
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋjed/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. hot; heated; having a high temperature
      今天 / 今天  ―  Jīntiān hěn .  ―  It is quite hot today.
      小心 [Cantonese, trad.]
      小心 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Di1 tong1 zung6 hou2 jit6, siu2 sam1 di1 laa1. [Jyutping]
      The soup's still hot; be careful.
    2. to heat up; to warm up
    3. heat; hotness; warmness; high temperature
    4. hot weather; summer heat
    5. kind; amiable; fervent; close and dear
    6. feverish; to have a fever
    7. fever; febrility; pyrexia
    8. zeal; fondness; enthusiasm; trend
    9. popular; fashionable; in vogue
    10. flourishing; thriving; prosperous
    11. worried; anxious; distraught
    12. fervently; passionately; enthusiastically; very
    13. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. heat
    2. temperature
    3. fever
    4. mania
    5. passion

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    ねつ
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ȵiᴇt̚).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ねつ, rōmaji netsu)

    1. fever
      物凄 (ものすご) (ねつ) ()
      monosugoi netsu o dasu
      to come down with a terrible fever
    2. (physics) heat

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (yeol) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer yŏl, Yale yel)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (nhiệt, nhét, nhẹt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
      1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN