父母

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Chinese[edit]

father female; mother
simp. and trad.
(父母)

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Initial () (3) (4)
Final () (24) (137)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨoX/ /məuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/bioX/ /məuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/bioX/ /məuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buə̆X/ /məwX/
Li
Rong
/bioX/ /muX/
Wang
Li
/bĭuX/ /məuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯uX/ /mə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mǒu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
fu6 mau5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjuX › ‹ muwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[N-p](r)aʔ/ /*məʔ/ (? or *mˁoʔ)
English father mother

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
No. 3504 9288
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*baʔ/ /*mɯʔ/

Noun[edit]

父母

  1. parents; mother and father; mum and dad
    生身父母  ―  shēngshēn fùmǔ  ―  biological parents
    父母恩情  ―  Fùmǔ ēnqíng bǐ tiān dà.  ―  Parental affection knows no bounds.
    父母分居 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    fùmǔ sān nián qián fēnjū le. [Pinyin]
    My parents separated three years ago.
    為什麼父母從來考慮 [MSC, trad.]
    为什么父母从来考虑 [MSC, simp.]
    Wèishénme wǒ de fùmǔ cónglái bù wèi wǒ kǎolǜ? [Pinyin]
    Why don't mum and dad ever take me into consideration?
    子女忤逆不孝實在父母寒心 [MSC, trad.]
    子女忤逆不孝实在父母寒心 [MSC, simp.]
    Zǐnǚ wǔnì bùxiào shízài lìng fùmǔ hánxīn. [Pinyin]
    Wayward children who are unfilial are a disappointment to their parents.
  2. Short for 父母官 (fùmǔguān).
Synonyms[edit]
  • (parents): (polite, non-face-to-face term of address) 老人家 (lǎorenjia)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 爸母 (“father and mother; parents”).
(This term, 父母, is a variant form of 爸母.)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term

Grade: 2

Grade: 2
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()() (fubo: lit. "father-mother"

  1. parents; father and mother

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

父母 (bumo) (hangeul 부모)

  1. Hanja form? of 부모 (parent, parents).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

父母

  1. chữ Hán form of phụ mẫu (parents).