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U+7262, 牢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7262

[U+7261]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7263]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 93 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十竹手 (JHQ), four-corner 30502, composition)

  1. prison
  2. stable, pen
  3. secure

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 698, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19934
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1110, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1802, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+7262

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
牢-oracle.svg 牢-bronze.svg 牢-bigseal.svg 牢-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ruː
*ruː
*ruː

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lâu - vernacular;
  • tiâu/láu - vernacular (俗);
  • lô/lô͘ - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /lɑu³⁵/
Harbin /lau²⁴/
Tianjin /lɑu⁴⁵/
Jinan /lɔ⁴²/
Qingdao /lɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /lau⁴²/
Xi'an /lau²⁴/
Xining /lɔ²⁴/
Yinchuan /lɔ⁵³/
Lanzhou /lɔ⁵³/
Ürümqi /lɔ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nau²¹³/
Chengdu /nau³¹/
Guiyang /nao²¹/
Kunming /lɔ³¹/
Nanjing /lɔo²⁴/
Hefei /lɔ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /lau¹¹/
Pingyao /lɔ¹³/
Hohhot /lɔ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /lɔ²³/
Suzhou /læ¹³/
Hangzhou /lɔ²¹³/
Wenzhou /lɜ³¹/
Hui Shexian /lɔ⁴⁴/
Tunxi /lə⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /lau¹³/
Xiangtan /naɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /lɑu⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lau¹¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /lou²¹/
Nanning /lu²¹/
Hong Kong /lou²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lau³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lo⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lau³³/
/lau²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lao⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lau³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑu/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑu/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/law/
Li
Rong
/lɑu/
Wang
Li
/lɑu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
láo
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7644
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ruː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. prison
  2. firm

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. prison
  2. stablepen
  3. secure

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
ろう
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ろう, rōmaji , historical hiragana らう)

  1. prison

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(roe, noe, ro, no) (hangeul , , , , revised roe, noe, ro, no, McCune-Reischauer roe, noe, ro, no, Yale loy, noy, lo, no)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana るー, romaji )

Noun[edit]

(hiragana るー, romaji )

  1. prison

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 沖縄語辞典 (Okinawago Jiten, “Okinawan Dictionary”)[1], 1963

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.