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U+7262, 牢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7262

[U+7261]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7263]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 93, +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十竹手 (JHQ), four-corner 30502, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 698, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19934
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1110, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1802, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+7262

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
牢-oracle.svg 牢-bronze.svg 牢-seal.svg 牢-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ruː
*ruː
*ruː

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lâu - vernacular;
  • tiâu/láu - vernacular (俗);
  • lô/lô͘ - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /lɑu³⁵/
    Harbin /lau²⁴/
    Tianjin /lɑu⁴⁵/
    Jinan /lɔ⁴²/
    Qingdao /lɔ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /lau⁴²/
    Xi'an /lau²⁴/
    Xining /lɔ²⁴/
    Yinchuan /lɔ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /lɔ⁵³/
    Ürümqi /lɔ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /nau²¹³/
    Chengdu /nau³¹/
    Guiyang /nao²¹/
    Kunming /lɔ³¹/
    Nanjing /lɔo²⁴/
    Hefei /lɔ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /lau¹¹/
    Pingyao /lɔ¹³/
    Hohhot /lɔ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /lɔ²³/
    Suzhou /læ¹³/
    Hangzhou /lɔ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /lɜ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /lɔ⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /lə⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /lau¹³/
    Xiangtan /naɯ¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /lɑu⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /lau¹¹/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /lou²¹/
    Nanning /lu²¹/
    Hong Kong /lou²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lau³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lo⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lau³³/
    /lau²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /lo⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /lau³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (89)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɑu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lɑu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lɑu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /law/
    Li
    Rong
    /lɑu/
    Wang
    Li
    /lɑu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lɑu/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    láo
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7644
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ruː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. prison; jail
    2. pen; enclosure
    3. firm; fast; durable
      •   ―  láo  ―  firm; durable
    4. dependable; reliable
    5. animal used for sacrificing
    6. with grievance and toil

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. prison
    2. stablepen
    3. secure

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ろう
    Hyōgaiji
    on’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ろう, rōmaji , historical hiragana らう)

    1. prison
      Synonyms: 監獄 (かんごく), 牢屋 (ろうや)

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (roe, noe, ro, no) (hangeul , , , , revised roe, noe, ro, no, McCune–Reischauer roe, noe, ro, no, Yale loy, noy, lo, no)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana るー, romaji )

    Compounds[edit]

    • 牢屋 (るーや, rūya, prison)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana るー, romaji )

    1. prison
      Synonyms: 監獄 (かんぐく, kanguku), 牢屋 (るーや, rūya)

    References[edit]

    • 沖縄語辞典 (Okinawago Jiten, “Okinawan Dictionary”)[1], 1963

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: lao, lào, sao, sau

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.