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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 大竹尸山 (KHSU), four-corner 47212, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 706, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20238
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1118, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1331, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+72AF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

"To pass over" > "to offend against, oppose". Compare .

This character originally had bilabial nasal (*-m) final in Old and Middle Chinese, but had undergone dissimilation (from bilabial plosive *b-) to become *-n in most dialects, except for Hakka. Similar dissimilation happened in .

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (146)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨɐmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/biɐmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/biɐmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buamX/
Li
Rong
/biɐmX/
Wang
Li
/bĭwɐmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯wɐmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2980
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bomʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to commit (crime), to violate
      ―  fànzuì  ―  to commit crime
  2. criminal
      ―  zuìfàn  ―  criminal
    走甩 [Cantonese, trad.]
    走甩 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Bei2 go3 faan6-2 zau2 lat1 zo2 aa3! [Jyutping]
    The criminal ran loose!

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. crime
  2. sin
  3. offense

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana はん, romaji han)

  1. perpetrators of a crime
  2. a crime

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(beom) (hangeul , revised beom, McCune-Reischauer pŏm, Yale pem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phạm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.