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See also:
U+72F8, 狸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-72F8

[U+72F7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+72F9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 94, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 大竹田土 (KHWG), four-corner 46214, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 711, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20427
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1123, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1348, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+72F8

Chinese[edit]

trad. /*
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rɯ): semantic (dog) + phonetic (OC *rɯʔ). Originally an unorthodox variant (俗字) of the character ().

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lǐ - literary;
  • sa̤̿ - vernacular.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • li5 - literary;
    • lai5 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lɨ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lie/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /liə/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭə/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    lei4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ li › ‹ li ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[r]ə/ /*p.rə/
    English 𧳏狸 *pə.[r]ə kind of wild cat (Jiāngnán pron. ap. Guō Pú, ca. 300 CE) kind of wild cat (pron. west of the Hángǔ pass, ap. Fāngyán)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7822
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rɯ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. raccoon dog
    2. leopard cat
    3. cat

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. raccoon dog
    2. wild cat

    Readings[edit]

    • Go-on: (ri)
    • Kan-on: (ri)
    • Kun: たぬき (tanuki, )

    Compounds[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    Kanji in this term
    たぬき
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Etymology 1[edit]

    According to one theory, derived from 手貫 (tanuki, arm glove, gauntlet), where raccoon dog hide was sometimes used for.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (たぬき) (tanuki

    1. a raccoon dog, Nyctereutes procyonoides
      • 931938, Minamoto no Shitagō, Wamyō Ruijushō
        狸 兼名苑云狸[音𨤲和名太奴木]摶鳥為粮者也
        Raccoon dog: According to Jian Ming Yuan (兼名苑), raccoon dogs [read as 𨤲 (ri), native Japanese 太奴木 (tanuki)] always prey on birds.
      Synonyms: マミ (mami), (mujina)
    2. (figuratively) a person who pretends to be good but in fact is cunning (compare English sly fox)
    3. Short for 狸饂飩 (tanuki-udon) and 狸蕎麦 (tanuki-soba): styles of various noodle dishes
    4. (rare) Short for 狸寝入り (tanuki neiri): pretending to be asleep
      (たぬき)()()tanuki o kimekomupretend to be a raccoon dog → feign sleep
    5. (rare, obsolete) Short for 狸汁 (tanuki-jiru): a soup made from tanuki meat mixed with daikon, burdock root, etc.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Idioms[edit]
    Proverbs[edit]
    Descendants[edit]
    • English: tanuki, tanooki
    See also[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    たたけ
    Hyōgaiji
    Irregular

    ⟨tatake2 → */tatakəɨ//tatake/

    From Old Japanese.

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (たたけ) or (たたげ) (tatake or tatage

    1. (archaic, obsolete) a raccoon dog
      • 794, Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki
        猫狸 [...] ニ又漢云野貍、倭言上尼古、下多〻既
        Cat and raccoon dog, [...] both of them are called 野貍 (yari) in Chinese; the former is called 尼古 (⟨neko1 → neko) while the latter is called 多〻既 (⟨tatake2tatake) in Japanese.
    2. (archaic, obsolete) the hair of a raccoon dog, used for making brushes
      • 1445-1446, Ainōshō
        タゝゲ(フデ)ナンド(イフ)タゝ()トハ。タヌキノ毛歟(ケカ)(タヌキ)()ヲ。タゝゲトヨム
        Tatage no fude nando iu. Tatage to wa, tanuki no ke ka. Tanuki no ji o, tatage to yomu
        This is a so-called brush [made] of tatage. Tatage [spelled by the character meaning "hair"] might mean the hair of a raccoon dog. The character for "raccoon dog" is read as tatage.

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    たのき
    Hyōgaiji
    Irregular

    Cognate with tanuki above.

    Considered to be a result of irregular apophony in the medieval times.[3]

    Noun[edit]

    (たのき) (tanoki

    1. (dated, dialectal, Western Japan, chiefly Kansai) a raccoon dog
      • c. 1529, Mōgyūshō
        ししやたのき(やう)(ひと)でをり(さうらう)
        Shishi ya tanoki no yō na hito de ori sōrō zo
        His personality is like a deer or raccoon dog, sir.
    2. (dated, dialectal, Kansai) Short for 狸饂飩 (tanoki-udon) and 狸蕎麦 (tanoki-soba): styles of various noodle dishes
    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ 狸/貍(タヌキ)とは - コトバンク[1], accessed 2019-02-12

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ri>i) (hangeul >, revised ri>i, McCune–Reischauer ri>i, Yale li>i)

    1. (너구리 , neoguri-): raccoon dog

    Synonyms[edit]


    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana たぬき, romaji tanuki)

    Etymology[edit]

    Attested in the 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”) as たぬき.[1]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana たぬき, romaji tanuki)

    1. raccoon dog

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1896: 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”). In Japanese. http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/992016/63

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: li

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.