獅子

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See also: 狮子

Chinese[edit]

lion
 
child; son; (noun suff.); small thing; midnight; 11 p.m.-1 a.m.; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch
trad. (獅子)
simp. (狮子)
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獅子

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (21) (13)
Final () (17) (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠiɪ/ /t͡sɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚi/ /t͡sɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiɪ/ /t͡sieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂji/ /t͡sɨX/
Li
Rong
/ʃji/ /t͡siəX/
Wang
Li
/ʃi/ /t͡sĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂi/ /t͡siX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shī
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsiX › ‹ tsiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]əʔ/ /*tsəʔ/
English 1st earthly branch child; gentleman, master

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11437 17857
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sri/ /*ʔslɯʔ/
Notes

Noun[edit]

獅子

  1. lion (Classifier: m c;  m)
  2. (Buddhism) bodhisattva

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (獅子):

Proper noun[edit]

獅子

  1. (astrology, astronomy) Short for 獅子座狮子座 (Shīzizuò, “Leo”).

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō

Grade: 1
on’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 獅子 (/ʃˠiɪ t͡sɨX/ invalid IPA characters (X), literally lion + (diminutive suffix)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

獅子 (hiragana しし, katakana シシ, rōmaji shishi)

  1. a lion (big cat Panthera leo), regarded as king of animals
    • 1999 July 5, “レオ・ウィザード [Leo Wizard]”, in BOOSTER 3 (in Japanese), Konami:
       (くろ)いマントをはおった () (じゅつ) () (しょう) (たい) (こと) () (はな)シシ
      Kuroi manto o wa otta majutsushi. Shōtai wa kotoba o hanasu shishi.
      A wizard in a black cloak who is actually a talking lion.
    • 2007 October 20, Hiroshi, Izawa; Kotaro, Yamada, “さいしゅう それぞれのみち [Final Chapter: Epilog]”, in ファイアーエムブレム 覇者の剣 [Fire Emblem: Sword of Champions], volume 5 (fiction, in Japanese), Jump Remix edition, Tokyo: Shueisha, ISBN 978-4-08-109486-8, page 350:
       (わか) () ()ロイ
      Wakaki Shishi Roi
      Roy, Young Lion
  2. (by extension from the "king" sense) the Buddha, a Buddha
  3. short for 獅子舞 (shishimai), a traditional Chinese lion dance
  4. short for 獅子頭 (shishigashira), the lion mask traditionally worn for the lion dance
  5. short for 除夜の獅子 (joya no shishi, New Year's lion), a person dressed in costume as for a lion dance who goes door to door begging on New Year's Eve
  6. a guardian statue commonly found outside temples and shrines, often with a komainu statue, the tradition for which is said to have come over from the Korean peninsula

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

獅子 (hiragana しし, rōmaji Shishi)

  1. the name of the lion dance 囃子 (hayashi, musical accompaniment) in various noh and kabuki plays
  2. the first piece of music played in a 伎楽 (gigaku) performance (more commonly spelled 師子)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

獅子

  1. Hán tự form of sư tử, “lion”