獅子

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See also: 狮子

Chinese[edit]

lion
 
child; son; (noun suff.); small thing; midnight; 11 p.m.-1 a.m.; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch
trad. (獅子)
simp. (狮子)
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獅子

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

獅子

  1. lion (Classifier: m c;  m)
  2. (Buddhism) bodhisattva

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (獅子):

Proper noun[edit]

獅子

  1. (astrology, astronomy) Short for 獅子座狮子座 (Shīzizuò, “Leo”).

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō

Grade: 1
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 獅子 (/ʃˠiɪ t͡sɨX/ invalid IPA characters (X), literally lion + (diminutive suffix)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

獅子 (hiragana しし, katakana シシ, rōmaji shishi)

  1. a lion (big cat Panthera leo), regarded as king of animals
  2. (by extension from the "king" sense) the Buddha, a Buddha
  3. short for 獅子舞 (shishimai), a traditional Chinese lion dance
  4. short for 獅子頭 (shishigashira), the lion mask traditionally worn for the lion dance
  5. short for 除夜の獅子 (joya no shishi, New Year's lion), a person dressed in costume as for a lion dance who goes door to door begging on New Year's Eve
  6. a guardian statue commonly found outside temples and shrines, often with a komainu statue, the tradition for which is said to have come over from the Korean peninsula

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

獅子 (hiragana しし, rōmaji Shishi)

  1. the name of the lion dance 囃子 (hayashi, musical accompaniment) in various noh and kabuki plays
  2. the first piece of music played in a 伎楽 (gigaku) performance (more commonly spelled 師子)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

獅子

  1. Hán tự form of sư tử, “lion”