玫瑰

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Chinese[edit]

rose (semi-precious stone); extraordinary
simp. and trad.
(玫瑰)

Etymology[edit]

Appears to refer to a kind of (red) jade originally, as suggested by their semantic parts and the explanations in Shuowen.

Cognate with 梅槐 (“a tree similar to 薔薇”). Other potential cognates include 茅蒐 (“a red plant dye; madder”) and 韎韐 (“red madder-dyed knee covers”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (玫瑰, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/muʌi/ /muɑ̆i/ /muᴀi/ /muoi/ /mwəj/ /muɒi/ /muɒi/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuʌi/ /ɣuɑ̆i/ /ɣuᴀi/ /ɦuoi/ /ɦwəj/ /ɣuɒi/ /ɣuɒi/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuʌi/ /kuɑ̆i/ /kuᴀi/ /kuoi/ /kwəj/ /kuɒi/ /kuɒi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (玫瑰, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guī ‹ kwoj › /*[k]ˤuj/ kind of precious stone

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13013 1 /*mɯːl/ 說文作玟
4660 2 /*kuːl/
4671 2 /*ɡuːl/

Noun[edit]

玫瑰 (classifier (duǒ))

  1. rose (flower)
  2. rose colour
  3. a kind of beautiful jade

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]