珊瑚

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(珊瑚)
Wikipedia has articles on:
珊瑚 (Written Standard Chinese?)
珊瑚 (Cantonese)
sân-fù (Hakka)
dăng-hù (Min Dong)
san-ô͘ (Min Nan)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from an Iranian language in Central Asia during the Han Dynasty, probably Khotanese sam̥gga- (stone). Compare Modern Persian سنگ (sang, stone).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (16) (33)
Final () (61) (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɑn/ /ɦuo/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɑn/ /ɦuo/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑn/ /ɣo/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/san/ /ɦɔ/
Li
Rong
/sɑn/ /ɣo/
Wang
Li
/sɑn/ /ɣu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑn/ /ɣuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11064 4246
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
𦙽
Old
Chinese
/*slaːn/ /*ɡaː/

Noun[edit]

珊瑚

  1. coral

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (珊瑚):

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
珊瑚 (sango): a piece of coral.
Kanji in this term
さん
Jinmeiyō

Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Chinese 珊瑚.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

珊瑚 (hiragana さんご, katakana サンゴ, rōmaji sango)

  1. coral

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

珊瑚 (sanho) (hangeul 산호)

  1. Hanja form? of 산호, “coral”.

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese 珊瑚 (sango).

Noun[edit]

珊瑚 (hiragana さんぐ, romaji sangu)

  1. coral

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

珊瑚

  1. Hán tự form of san hô, “coral