珊瑚

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(珊瑚)
Wikipedia has articles on:
珊瑚 (Written Standard Chinese?)
珊瑚 (Cantonese)
sân-fù (Hakka)
dăng-hù (Min Dong)
san-ô͘ (Min Nan)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from an Iranian language in Central Asia during the Han Dynasty, probably Khotanese sam̥gga- (stone). Compare Modern Persian سنگ (sang, stone).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (16) (33)
Final () (61) (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɑn/ /ɦuo/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɑn/ /ɦuo/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑn/ /ɣo/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/san/ /ɦɔ/
Li
Rong
/sɑn/ /ɣo/
Wang
Li
/sɑn/ /ɣu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑn/ /ɣuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11064 4246
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
𦙽
Old
Chinese
/*slaːn/ /*ɡaː/

Noun[edit]

珊瑚

  1. coral

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (珊瑚):

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
珊瑚 (sango): a piece of coral.
Kanji in this term
さん
Jinmeiyō

Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Chinese 珊瑚.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

珊瑚 (hiragana さんご, katakana サンゴ, rōmaji sango)

  1. coral

Usage notes[edit]

As with many biology terms, this term is often written in katakana, as サンゴ. However, due to the large number of homophones in Japanese, dictionaries will often list such terms under the kanji spelling for disambiguation purposes.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

珊瑚 (sanho) (hangeul 산호)

  1. Hanja form? of 산호, “coral”.

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese 珊瑚 (sango).

Noun[edit]

珊瑚 (hiragana さんぐ, romaji sangu)

  1. coral

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

珊瑚

  1. Hán tự form of san hô, “coral