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|simp. and trad.
From an unidentified language in the Western Regions, perhaps a Prakrit language (e.g. Gandhari). Compare Pali veḷuriya (“precious stone, maybe lapis lazuli”), Sanskrit वैडूर्य (vaiḍūrya, “cat's-eye, beryl”).
- (literary, originally) a kind of blue and translucent natural precious stone, probably lapis lazuli
- coloured glaze similar to this kind of stone
- (literary) Synonym of 玻璃 (bōli, “glass”).
- (literary) lamp made from glass
- (literary, figuratively) any translucent object
- ^ 1917, Field Museum of Natural History: 1909, “The Beginnings of Porcelain in China”, Berthold Laufer and Henry Windsor Nichols, The Museum, page 138:
- The glassy paste for the production of ceramic glazes was called liu-li 琉璃 (in the Han Annals 流離) or p'i-liu-li, derived from Prākrit veluriya, Mahārāshṭrī verulia (Sanskrit vaiḍūrya).
|Kanji in this term|
- Alternative form of : lapis lazuli
|Hanja in this term|