琉璃

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(琉璃)
alt. forms 瑠璃
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琉璃

Etymology[edit]

From an unidentified language in the Western Regions, perhaps a Prakrit language (e.g. Gandhari). Compare Pali veḷuriya (precious stone, maybe lapis lazuli), Sanskrit वैडूर्य (vaiḍūrya, cat's-eye, beryl).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

琉璃

  1. (literary, originally) a kind of blue and translucent natural precious stone, probably lapis lazuli
  2. coloured glaze similar to this kind of stone
  3. (literary) Synonym of 玻璃 (bōli, “glass”).
  4. (literary) lamp made from glass
  5. (literary, figuratively) any translucent object

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (琉璃):

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1917, Field Museum of Natural History: 1909, “The Beginnings of Porcelain in China”, Berthold Laufer and Henry Windsor Nichols, The Museum, page 138:
    The glassy paste for the production of ceramic glazes was called liu-li 琉璃 (in the Han Annals 流離) or p'i-liu-li, derived from Prākrit veluriya, Mahārāshṭrī verulia (Sanskrit vaiḍūrya).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō

Grade: S
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

琉璃 (hiragana るり, rōmaji ruri)

  1. Alternative form of 瑠璃: lapis lazuli

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

琉璃 (yuri) (hangeul 유리)

  1. Hanja form? of 유리, “glass”.