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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(jade) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 96 +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 一土田中女 (MGWLV), four-corner 16132, composition𤣩)

  1. jade ring or bracelet
  2. ring

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 743, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21287
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1152, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1140, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+74B0

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (環), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 刪
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸關切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣuan/ /ɣwan/ /ɣuan/ /ɦʷɯan/ /ɦwaɨn/ /ɣwan/ /ɣuɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huán ‹ hwæn › /*C.ɢʷˤ<r>en/ ring (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16231 1 /*ɡʷraːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “Entry #12261”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[1]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. circle, ring, wheel

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(hwæn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan, historical hiragana くわん)

  1. ring
  2. (algebra) ring

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan-, historical hiragana くわん)

  1. circum-

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji wa)

  1. a ring or circle shape (such as a ring for a finger, or Saturn's rings)
  2. a hoop (such as for a barrel)
  3. a wheel (as of a vehicle)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
たまき
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Originally a compound of ‎(ta, hand, ancient combining form of modern te) +‎ 巻き ‎(maki, winding, wrapping, the 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 巻く maku, “to wind, to wrap”), from the way that the bracelet would be worn around the wrist.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たまき, romaji tamaki)

  1. an ancient bracelet strung with jewels or bells and worn at the elbow
  2. a longer tube-shaped gauntlet to protect the hand during archery
  3. (obsolete) a ancient jewel or other stone in the shape of a ring
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
ゆびまき
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Originally a compound of ‎(yubi, finger, ancient combining form of modern te) +‎ 巻き ‎(maki, winding, wrapping, the 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 巻く maku, “to wind, to wrap”), from the way that the ring would be worn around a finger.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ゆびまき, romaji yubimaki)

  1. (obsolete) a ancient jewel or other stone in the shape of a ring
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hwan) (hangeul , revised hwan, McCune-Reischauer hwan, Yale hwan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoàn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.