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See also:
U+74B0, 環
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-74B0

[U+74AF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+74B1]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 96, +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 一土田中女 (MGWLV), four-corner 16132, composition𤣩)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 743, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21287
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1152, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1140, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+74B0

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
環-bronze.svg 環-silk.svg 環-slip.svg 環-seal.svg 環-bigseal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷraːn): semantic (jade) + phonetic (OC *ɡʷeŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khoân - vernacular;
  • hoân - literary.
Note: huêng5 - Chaozhou.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuan³⁵/
Harbin /xuan²⁴/
Tianjin /xuan⁴⁵/
Jinan /xuã⁴²/
Qingdao /xuã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xuan⁴²/
Xi'an /xuã²⁴/
Xining /xuã²⁴/
Yinchuan /xuan⁵³/
Lanzhou /xuɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /xuan⁵¹/
Wuhan /xuan²¹³/
Chengdu /xuan³¹/
Guiyang /xuan²¹/
Kunming /xuã̠³¹/
Nanjing /kʰuaŋ²⁴/
/xuaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /xuæ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /xuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xuæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /gue²³/
Suzhou /gue̞¹³/
Hangzhou /guõ²¹³/
Wenzhou /va³¹/
Hui Shexian /xuɛ⁴⁴/
/uɛ⁴⁴/
Tunxi /uːən⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /fan¹³/
Xiangtan /ɸan¹²/
Gan Nanchang /uan⁴⁵/ 耳環
/fan⁴⁵/ 門~
Hakka Meixian /fan¹¹/
Taoyuan /kʰuɑn¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wan²¹/
Nanning /wan²¹/
Hong Kong /wan²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huan³⁵/
/kʰuan³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuaŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /huaŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (70)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠuan/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚan/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwaɨn/
Li
Rong
/ɣuan/
Wang
Li
/ɣwan/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwan/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huán
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
waan4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwæn ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ɢʷˁ<r>en/
English ring (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16231
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷraːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. circle; ring
    /   ―  zhǐhuán  ―  finger ring
    /   ―  ěrhuán  ―  earring
  2. round
  3. to surround
    /   ―  huánrào  ―  to surround
    廣西 / 广西  ―  Huán Guǎngxī  ―  Tour of Guangxi
  4. (chemistry) ring (a group of atoms linked by bonds to form a closed chain in a molecule)
    /   ―  běnhuán  ―  benzene ring
    /   ―  huán  ―  heterocycle
  5. (mathematics) ring
  6. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (かん) (kan)
  • Korean: (, hwan)
  • Vietnamese: hoàn ()

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. circle, ring, wheel

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦˠuan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(かん) (kanくわん (kwan)?

  1. ring
  2. (algebra) ring

Prefix[edit]

(かん) (kan-くわん (kwan)?

  1. circum-

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

() (wa

  1. a ring or circle shape (such as a ring for a finger, or Saturn's rings)
  2. a hoop (such as for a barrel)
  3. a wheel (as of a vehicle)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
たまき
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
手纏

Originally a compound of (ta, hand, ancient combining form of modern te) +‎ 巻き (maki, winding, wrapping, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 巻く maku, “to wind, to wrap”), from the way that the bracelet would be worn around the wrist.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(たまき) (tamaki

  1. an ancient bracelet strung with jewels or bells and worn at the elbow
  2. a longer tube-shaped gauntlet to protect the hand during archery
  3. (obsolete) an ancient jewel or other stone in the shape of a ring
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
ゆびまき
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
指巻

Originally a compound of (yubi, finger, ancient combining form of modern te) +‎ 巻き (maki, winding, wrapping, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 巻く maku, “to wind, to wrap”), from the way that the ring would be worn around a finger.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ゆびまき) (yubimaki

  1. (obsolete) an ancient jewel or other stone in the shape of a ring
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hwan) (hangeul )

  1. jade ring or bracelet
  2. ring

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: hoàn

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.