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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
環-bronze.svg 環-silk.svg 環-bigseal.svg 環-seal.svg

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷraːn): semantic  ‎(jade) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ɡʷeŋ)

Han character[edit]

(radical 96 +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 一土田中女 (MGWLV), four-corner 16132, composition𤣩)

  1. jade ring or bracelet
  2. ring

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 743, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21287
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1152, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1140, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+74B0

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuan³⁵/
Harbin /xuan²⁴/
Tianjin /xuan⁴⁵/
Jinan /xuã⁴²/
Qingdao /xuã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xuan⁴²/
Xi'an /xuã²⁴/
Xining /xuã²⁴/
Yinchuan /xuan⁵³/
Lanzhou /xuɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /xuan⁵¹/
Wuhan /xuan²¹³/
Chengdu /xuan³¹/
Guiyang /xuan²¹/
Kunming /xuã̠³¹/
Nanjing /kʰuaŋ²⁴/
/xuaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /xuæ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /xuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xuæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /gue²³/
Suzhou /gue̞¹³/
Hangzhou /guõ²¹³/
Wenzhou /va³¹/
Hui Shexian /xuɛ⁴⁴/
/uɛ⁴⁴/
Tunxi /uːən⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /fan¹³/
Xiangtan /ɸan¹²/
Gan Nanchang /uan⁴⁵/ 耳環
/fan⁴⁵/ 門~
Hakka Meixian /fan¹¹/
Taoyuan /kʰuɑn¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wan²¹/
Nanning /wan²¹/
Hong Kong /wan²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huan³⁵/
/kʰuan³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuaŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /huaŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (70)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠuan/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚan/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwaɨn/
Li
Rong
/ɣuan/
Wang
Li
/ɣwan/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwan/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwæn ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ɢʷˤ<r>en/
English ring (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16231
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷraːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. circle
  2. round

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. circle, ring, wheel

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(hwæn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan, historical hiragana くわん)

  1. ring
  2. (algebra) ring

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan-, historical hiragana くわん)

  1. circum-

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji wa)

  1. a ring or circle shape (such as a ring for a finger, or Saturn's rings)
  2. a hoop (such as for a barrel)
  3. a wheel (as of a vehicle)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
たまき
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Originally a compound of ‎(ta, hand, ancient combining form of modern te) +‎ 巻き ‎(maki, winding, wrapping, the 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 巻く maku, “to wind, to wrap”), from the way that the bracelet would be worn around the wrist.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たまき, romaji tamaki)

  1. an ancient bracelet strung with jewels or bells and worn at the elbow
  2. a longer tube-shaped gauntlet to protect the hand during archery
  3. (obsolete) a ancient jewel or other stone in the shape of a ring
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
ゆびまき
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Originally a compound of ‎(yubi, finger, ancient combining form of modern te) +‎ 巻き ‎(maki, winding, wrapping, the 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 巻く maku, “to wind, to wrap”), from the way that the ring would be worn around a finger.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ゆびまき, romaji yubimaki)

  1. (obsolete) a ancient jewel or other stone in the shape of a ring
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hwan) (hangeul , revised hwan, McCune-Reischauer hwan, Yale hwan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoàn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.