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See also:
U+751C, 甜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-751C

[U+751B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+751D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 99, +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹口廿一 (HRTM), four-corner 24670, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 754, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21656
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1161, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2414, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+751C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
甜-seal.svg 甜-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koːd, *slem, *l̥ʰeːmʔ
*koːd, *l̥ʰeːmʔ
*l̥ʰeːmʔ
*l'eːm
*l'eːm
*l'iːm
*l̥ʰaːb

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (tongue) +  (sweet). Rearrangement of .

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ljam (sweet; fragrant).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tiⁿ - vernacular;
  • tiâm - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tʰian³⁵/
    Harbin /tʰian²⁴/
    Tianjin /tʰian⁴⁵/
    Jinan /tʰiã⁴²/
    Qingdao /tʰiã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /tʰian⁴²/
    Xi'an /tʰiã²⁴/
    Xining /tʰiã²⁴/
    Yinchuan /tʰian⁵³/
    Lanzhou /tʰiɛ̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /tʰian⁵¹/
    Wuhan /tʰiɛn⁴²/
    Chengdu /tʰian³¹/
    Guiyang /tʰian²¹/
    Kunming /tʰiɛ̃³¹/
    Nanjing /tʰien²⁴/
    Hefei /tʰiĩ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /tʰie¹¹/
    Pingyao /tie̞¹³/
    Hohhot /tʰie³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /di²³/
    Suzhou /diɪ¹³/
    Hangzhou /diẽ̞²¹³/
    Wenzhou /di³¹/
    Hui Shexian /tʰe⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /tiɛ⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /tiẽ¹³/
    Xiangtan /diẽ¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /tʰiɛn²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰiam¹¹/
    Taoyuan /tʰiɑm¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰim²¹/
    Nanning /tʰim²¹/
    Hong Kong /tʰim²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiam³⁵/
    /tĩ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tieŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /taŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tiam⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdiam³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (157)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /dem/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dem/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɛm/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dɛm/
    Li
    Rong
    /dem/
    Wang
    Li
    /diem/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱiem/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tián
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12408
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l'iːm/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. sweet
    2. sweetness
    3. (figuratively) pleasant; comfortable; happy
    4. (figuratively, of sleep) sound

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (cheom) (hangeul , revised cheom, McCune–Reischauer ch'ŏm, Yale chem)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (điềm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.