生日

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Chinese[edit]

 
to be born; to give birth; life; to grow; student; raw
 
day; sun; date; day of the month; Japan (abbrev.)
simp. and trad.
(生日)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (21) (38)
Final () (109) (48)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃɣæŋ/ /ȵiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃɯaŋ/ /ȵit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃaŋ/ /ȵʑjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂaɨjŋ/ /ȵit̚/
Li
Rong
/ʃɐŋ/ /ȵiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/ʃɐŋ/ /ȵʑĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂɐŋ/ /ȵʑi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shēng shēng shēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ sræng › ‹ sræng › ‹ srjæng › ‹ nyit ›
Old
Chinese
/*sreŋ (MC srj- > sr-; or *s.reŋ ?)/ /*sreŋ/ /*sreŋ (or *s.reŋ ?)/ /*C.nik/
English bear, be born; live fresh, raw bear, be born; live sun; day

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
No. 11312 11322 10845
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰleːŋ/ /*sreŋs/ /*njiɡ/

Noun[edit]

生日

  1. birthday
    特意生日 [MSC, trad.]
    特意生日 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè shì wǒ tèyì wèi nǐ shēngrì ér zuò de. [Pinyin]
    I made this specially for your birthday.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (生日):

Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

Kanji in this term
いく
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

生日 ‎(hiragana いくひ, romaji ikuhi)

  1. lively day
  2. auspicious day

Noun[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 1
じつ
Grade: 1
on'yomi

生日 ‎(hiragana せいじつ, romaji seijitsu)

  1. birthday

Usage notes[edit]

  • This usage is rather obscure. 誕生日 is far more common.

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • 聖名祝日 (せいめいしゅくじつ, seimei shukujitsu)

External links[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

生日 ‎(saeng-il) ‎(hangeul 생일)

  1. Hanja form? of 생일, “birthday”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

生日

  1. Hán tự form of sinh nhật, "birthday"