生活

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Chinese[edit]

 
to be born; to give birth; life; to grow; student; raw
 
to live; alive; living; work; workmanship
simp. and trad.
(生活)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/2 2/2
Initial () (21) (21) (28) (33)
Final () (109) (109) (64) (64)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Closed Closed
Division () II II I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠæŋ/ /ʃˠæŋH/ /kuɑt̚/ /ɦuɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚaŋ/ /ʃᵚaŋH/ /kʷɑt̚/ /ɦʷɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃaŋ/ /ʃaŋH/ /kuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂaɨjŋ/ /ʂaɨjŋH/ /kwat̚/ /ɦwat̚/
Li
Rong
/ʃɐŋ/ /ʃɐŋH/ /kuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/ʃɐŋ/ /ʃɐŋH/ /kuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂɐŋ/ /ʂɐŋH/ /kuɑt̚/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēng shèng guo huó
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shēng shēng shēng huó
Middle
Chinese
‹ sræng › ‹ sræng › ‹ srjæng › ‹ hwat ›
Old
Chinese
/*sreŋ/ (MC srj- > sr-; or *s.reŋ ?) /*sreŋ/ /*sreŋ/ (or *s.reŋ ?) /*[ɡ]ʷˤat/
English bear, be born; live fresh, raw bear, be born; live to live

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/2 2/2
No. 11312 11322 7568 7585
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰleːŋ/ /*sreŋs/ /*koːd/ /*ɡoːd/

Noun[edit]

生活

  1. life; existence
    生活節奏 / 生活节奏  ―  shēnghuó jiézòu  ―  pace of life
    豪華生活 / 豪华生活  ―  háohuá shēnghuó  ―  high life
    感覺自己生活無聊 [MSC, trad.]
    感觉自己生活无聊 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ gǎnjiào zìjǐ de shēnghuó hěn wúliáo. [Pinyin]
    I feel my life is boring.
  2. livelihood

Verb[edit]

生活

  1. to live; to exist

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (生活):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 1
かつ
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

生活 ‎(hiragana せいかつ, romaji seikatsu)

  1. life; livelihood; daily living.

Usage notes[edit]

生活 is distinct from (いのち, inochi, life), because it refers to daily life and livelihood as it is experienced, whereas 命 refers to life as a whole (from birth to death), or as an abstract concept. Both are generally translated as life, however, as this distinction is not normally made in English.

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Verb[edit]

生活する ‎(intransitive, hiragana せいかつする, romaji seikatsu suru)

  1. live a life

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

生活 ‎(saenghwal) ‎(hangeul 생활)

  1. Hanja form? of 생활, “lifestyle, way of life, daily living”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

生活

  1. Hán tự form of sinh hoạt, “life