生活

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Chinese[edit]

 
to be born; to give birth; life
to be born; to give birth; life; to grow; student; raw
 
to live; alive; living
to live; alive; living; work; workmanship
simp. and trad.
(生活)
alternative forms 松豪 calligraphy brush
anagram 活生

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • 1sen hhueq - literary reading, "life";
  • 1san hhueq - vernacular reading, "job, task".

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2 2/2
    Initial () (21) (21) (33)
    Final () (109) (109) (64)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open Closed
    Division () II II I
    Fanqie
    Baxter sraeng sraengH hwat
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʃˠæŋ/ /ʃˠæŋH/ /ɦuɑt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʃᵚaŋ/ /ʃᵚaŋH/ /ɦʷɑt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʃaŋ/ /ʃaŋH/ /ɣuɑt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʂaɨjŋ/ /ʂaɨjŋH/ /ɦwat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃɐŋH/ /ɣuɑt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃɐŋH/ /ɣuɑt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʂɐŋ/ /ʂɐŋH/ /ɣuɑt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shēng shèng huó
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    sang1 sang3 wut6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shēng shēng shēng huó
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sræng › ‹ sræng › ‹ srjæng › ‹ hwat ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sreŋ/ (MC srj- > sr-; or *s.reŋ ?) /*sreŋ/ /*sreŋ/ (or *s.reŋ ?) /*[ɡ]ʷˁat/
    English bear, be born; live fresh, raw bear, be born; live to live

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2 2/2
    No. 11312 11322 7585
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0 3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sʰleːŋ/ /*sreŋs/ /*ɡoːd/

    Noun[edit]

    生活

    1. life (activities in life)
      日常生活  ―  rìcháng shēnghuó  ―  everyday life
      城市生活  ―  chéngshì shēnghuó  ―  urban life
      生活節奏生活节奏  ―  shēnghuó jiézòu  ―  pace of life
      豪華生活豪华生活  ―  háohuá shēnghuó  ―  high life
      熱愛生活热爱生活  ―  rè'ài shēnghuó  ―  to love one's life
      生活態度生活态度  ―  shēnghuó tàidù  ―  outlook on life
      人民生活步步高  ―  rénmín shēnghuó bùbùgāo  ―  the lives of the people improve step by step
      感覺自己生活無聊 [MSC, trad.]
      感觉自己生活无聊 [MSC, simp.]
      Wǒ gǎnjué zìjǐ de shēnghuó hěn wúliáo. [Pinyin]
      I feel my life is boring.
      我們嚮往幸福生活 [MSC, trad.]
      我们向往幸福生活 [MSC, simp.]
      Wǒmen dōu xiàngwǎng xìngfú de shēnghuó. [Pinyin]
      We all long for a happy life.
      技術我們生活方便 [MSC, trad.]
      技术我们生活方便 [MSC, simp.]
      Zhè ge jìshù néng ràng wǒmen de shēnghuó gèng fāngbiàn. [Pinyin]
      This technology can make our lives more convenient.
    2. livelihood
    3. (dialectal) job; task
      做.生活 [Shanghainese]  ―  5tsu 1san-weq [Wugniu]  ―  to work (lit. "to do a task")
    4. (dialectal Mandarin) calligraphy brush; inkbrush

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (livelihood):
    • (task): (huó)

    Verb[edit]

    生活

    1. to live; to exist; to lead a lifestyle
      健康生活  ―  jiànkāng shēnghuó  ―  to lead a healthy lifestyle

    Synonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic (生活):

    See also[edit]

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    せい
    Grade: 1
    かつ
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (せい)(かつ) (seikatsuせいくわつ (seikwatu)?

    1. life; livelihood; daily living.

    Usage notes[edit]

    生活 is distinct from several other Japanese words that may also be translated to English as "life". In particular, it means "day-to-day life as it is experienced; lifestyle; one's usual activities, habits, and routines". Compare the terms below, which may also be rendered as "life" in English:

    • 生存 (seizon, life): Action involved in staying alive, as in "signs of life".
    • (inochi, life): The state of being alive, an animating force, or life as a whole (from birth to death).
    • 生命 (seimei, life): Biological life in general, particularly in scientific contexts.
    • 存在 (sonzai, life): Being; either the state of existing or a thing that exists.
    • 人生 (jinsei, life): A person's narrative, experience, and/or accomplishments from birth to death.
    • 寿命 (jumyō, life): Lifespan or life expectancy.
    • 残機 (zanki, life): A video-game life; a chance to play.
    • 元気 (genki, life): Liveliness.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    (せい)(かつ)する (seikatsu suruintransitive suru (stem (せい)(かつ) (seikatsu shi), past (せい)(かつ)した (seikatsu shita))

    1. live a life

    Conjugation[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja in this term

    Noun[edit]

    生活 (saenghwal) (hangeul 생활)

    1. Hanja form? of 생활 (lifestyle, way of life, daily living).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    chữ Hán Nôm in this term

    Noun[edit]

    生活

    1. chữ Hán form of sinh hoạt (life).