生活

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Chinese[edit]

 
to be born; to give birth; life
to be born; to give birth; life; to grow; student; raw
 
to live; alive; living
to live; alive; living; work; workmanship
simp. and trad.
(生活)
alternative forms 松豪 calligraphy brush

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 2/2
Initial () (21) (21) (33)
Final () (109) (109) (64)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Closed
Division () II II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠæŋ/ /ʃˠæŋH/ /ɦuɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚaŋ/ /ʃᵚaŋH/ /ɦʷɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃaŋ/ /ʃaŋH/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂaɨjŋ/ /ʂaɨjŋH/ /ɦwat̚/
Li
Rong
/ʃɐŋ/ /ʃɐŋH/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/ʃɐŋ/ /ʃɐŋH/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂɐŋ/ /ʂɐŋH/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēng shèng huó
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sang1 sang3 wut6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shēng shēng shēng huó
Middle
Chinese
‹ sræng › ‹ sræng › ‹ srjæng › ‹ hwat ›
Old
Chinese
/*sreŋ/ (MC srj- > sr-; or *s.reŋ ?) /*sreŋ/ /*sreŋ/ (or *s.reŋ ?) /*[ɡ]ʷˁat/
English bear, be born; live fresh, raw bear, be born; live to live

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 2/2
No. 11312 11322 7585
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰleːŋ/ /*sreŋs/ /*ɡoːd/

Noun[edit]

生活

  1. life (activities in life)
    日常生活  ―  rìcháng shēnghuó  ―  everyday life
    城市生活  ―  chéngshì shēnghuó  ―  urban life
    生活節奏 / 生活节奏  ―  shēnghuó jiézòu  ―  pace of life
    豪華生活 / 豪华生活  ―  háohuá shēnghuó  ―  high life
    熱愛生活 / 热爱生活  ―  rè'ài shēnghuó  ―  to love one's life
    生活態度 / 生活态度  ―  shēnghuó tàidù  ―  outlook on life
    感覺自己生活無聊 [MSC, trad.]
    感觉自己生活无聊 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ gǎnjiào zìjǐ de shēnghuó hěn wúliáo. [Pinyin]
    I feel my life is boring.
    我們嚮往幸福生活 [MSC, trad.]
    我们向往幸福生活 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒmen dōu xiàngwǎng xìngfú de shēnghuó. [Pinyin]
    We all long for a happy life.
    技術我們生活方便 [MSC, trad.]
    技术我们生活方便 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè ge jìshù néng ràng wǒmen de shēnghuó gèng fāngbiàn. [Pinyin]
    This technology can make our lives more convenient.
  2. livelihood
  3. (dialectal) job; task
    生活  ―  zuò shēnghuó  ―  to work
  4. (dialectal Mandarin) calligraphy brush; inkbrush

Synonyms[edit]

  • (livelihood):
edit
  • (task): (huó)

Verb[edit]

生活

  1. to live; to exist; to lead a lifestyle
    健康生活  ―  jiànkāng shēnghuó  ―  to lead a healthy lifestyle

Synonyms[edit]

edit

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (生活):
  • Japanese: 生活(せいかつ) (seikatsu)
  • Korean: 생활 (生活, saenghwal)
  • Vietnamese: sinh hoạt (生活)

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 1
かつ
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(せい)(かつ) (seikatsu

  1. life; livelihood; daily living.

Usage notes[edit]

生活 is distinct from (いのち, inochi, life), because it refers to daily life and livelihood as it is experienced, whereas 命 refers to life as a whole (from birth to death), or as an abstract concept. Both are generally translated as life, however, as this distinction is not normally made in English.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

(せい)(かつ)する (seikatsu suruintransitive suru (stem (せい)(かつ) (seikatsu shi), past (せい)(かつ)した (seikatsu shita))

  1. live a life

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

生活 (saenghwal) (hangeul 생활)

  1. Hanja form? of 생활 (lifestyle, way of life, daily living).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

生活

  1. Hán tự form of sinh hoạt (life).