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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
界-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 102 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 田人中中 (WOLL), four-corner 46128, composition)

  1. boundary, limit
  2. domain, realm, zone, area
  3. society
  4. the world

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 760, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21775
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1170, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2534, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+754C

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (界), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 皆
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 古拜切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣɛiH/ /kăiH/ /kɛiH/ /kɯæiH/ /kəɨjH/ /kɐiH/ /kɐiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiè ‹ kɛjH › /*kˤr[e][t]-s/ boundary

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6524 2 /*kreːds/

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かい
Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (kɛjH, boundary).

In Buddhist contexts, derived from the Middle Chinese term used as a translation of the Sanskrit term धातु (dhātu, layer, stratum).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かい, romaji kai)

  1. boundary
  2. a bounded area or region
  3. a bounded group of people, a society, a world as a social grouping
    Used both as a standalone noun, and in compounds. Use in compounds is more common in this sense.
    自然 (しぜん) (かい)自然 (しぜん) (かい)
    shizen no kai, shizenkai
    the natural world
    美術界 (びじゅつかい)
    bijutsukai
    the art world
  4. the border edge of a thing
  5. (Buddhism) the category of a thing
  6. (Buddhism) the world or realm of a thing
  7. lines drawn between the lines of a text, as on lined writing paper
  8. lines drawn to lay out a draft of a piece of artwork: a sketch
  9. (biology, taxonomy) a kingdom
  10. (geology) a stratum corresponding to a geologic age
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
さかい
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

/sakapi//sakaɸi//sakahi//sakai/

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 境う (sakau, to divide, to form a boundary between things), derived as Old Japanese element (saka, division, border, boundary) + auxiliary verb (fu) indicating repetition or ongoing state.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana さかい, romaji sakai)

  1. border, boundary, limits
Usage notes[edit]

More commonly spelled . Derived terms primarily use that spelling, so see that entry for more details.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gye) (hangeul , revised gye, McCune-Reischauer kye, Yale kyey)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giới)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.