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U+754C, 界
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-754C

[U+754B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+754D]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
界-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
界-jbw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 102 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 田人中中 (WOLL), four-corner 46128, composition)

  1. boundary, limit
  2. domain, realm, zone, area
  3. society
  4. the world

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 760, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21775
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1170, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2534, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+754C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
界-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡaːds, *ɡeːds
*kreːds
*kreːds
*kreːds
*kreːds
*kreːds
*kreːds
*kreːds, *kreːd, *ɡraːd
*kreːds
*kreːds
*kreːds, *ɡreːds
*ɡreːds
*ɡaːd, *kreːd
*kreːd
*kreːd
*kreːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kreːds): semantic (field) + phonetic (OC *kreːds).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (33)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠɛiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚæiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɐiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəɨjH/
Li
Rong
/kɛiH/
Wang
Li
/kɐiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kăiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiè
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiè
Middle
Chinese
‹ kɛjH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤr[e][t]-s/
English boundary

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6524
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. boundary
      ―  jìngjiè  ―  boundary; state
  2. domain; realm; zone; area
  3. circle; world
    音樂 / 音乐  ―  yīnyuèjiè  ―  the music world; music circles
  4. (biology) kingdom

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. world
  2. border

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かい
Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (kɛjH, boundary).

In Buddhist contexts, derived from the Middle Chinese term used as a translation of the Sanskrit term धातु(dhātu, layer, stratum).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かい, romaji kai)

  1. boundary
  2. a bounded area or region
  3. a bounded group of people, a society, a world as a social grouping
    Used both as a standalone noun, and in compounds. Use in compounds is more common in this sense.
    自然 (しぜん) (かい)自然 (しぜん) (かい)
    shizen no kai, shizenkai
    the natural world
    美術界 (びじゅつかい)
    bijutsukai
    the art world
  4. the border edge of a thing
  5. (Buddhism) the category of a thing
  6. (Buddhism) the world or realm of a thing
  7. lines drawn between the lines of a text, as on lined writing paper
  8. lines drawn to lay out a draft of a piece of artwork: a sketch
  9. (biology, taxonomy) a kingdom
  10. (geology) a stratum corresponding to a geologic age
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
さかい
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

/sakapi//sakaɸi//sakahi//sakai/

The 連用形(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 境う(sakau, to divide, to form a boundary between things), derived as Old Japanese element (saka, division, border, boundary) + auxiliary verb (fu) indicating repetition or ongoing state.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さかい, romaji sakai)

  1. border, boundary, limits
Usage notes[edit]

More commonly spelled . Derived terms primarily use that spelling, so see that entry for more details.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gye) (hangeul , revised gye, McCune-Reischauer kye, Yale kyey)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giới)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.