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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
癸-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) - Multiple uncertain interpretations.

Possibly, this was a pictograph of a four handled plow, meant to be operated by 4 people at a time. This character shows how essential and commonplace, collective farming was roughly 3000 years ago, and for the entirety of the area's history.

The derivative is semantically related to the original word.

Han character[edit]

(radical 105 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 弓人一大 (NOMK), four-corner 12430, composition)

  1. the tenth of the ten heavenly stems

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 783, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22660
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1193, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2760, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7678

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (癸), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 居誄切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kiuɪX/ /kwiX/ /kuiX/ /kʷiX/ /kwiX/ /kwiX/ /kjuɪX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guǐ ‹ kjwijX › /*kʷijʔ/ 10th heavenly stem

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4644 1 /*kʷilʔ/ 戴侗雲戣初文;甲文象二工(金文或變二木)相交以度圜,本規初文

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gye) (hangeul , revised gye, McCune-Reischauer kye, Yale kyey)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quý, quấy, quậy)

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