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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
癸-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) - Multiple uncertain interpretations.

Possibly, this was a pictograph of a four handled plow, meant to be operated by 4 people at a time. This character shows how essential and commonplace, collective farming was roughly 3000 years ago, and for the entirety of the area's history.

The derivative is semantically related to the original word.

Han character[edit]

(radical 105 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 弓人一大 (NOMK), four-corner 12430, composition)

  1. the tenth of the ten heavenly stems

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 783, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22660
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1193, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2760, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7678

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final: (16)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: guǐ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kiuɪX/ /kʷiX/ /kjuɪX/ /kwiX/ /kuiX/ /kwiX/ /kwiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guǐ ‹ kjwijX › /*kʷijʔ/ 10th heavenly stem

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4644 1 /*kʷilʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gye) (hangeul , revised gye, McCune-Reischauer kye, Yale kyey)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quý, quấy, quậy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.