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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
白-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 106 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹日 (HA), four-corner 26000, composition丿)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 785, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22678
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1196, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2642, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+767D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
白-oracle.svg 白-bronze.svg 白-bigseal.svg 白-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – originally an acorn. The character acquired its current meaning of white from the color of the acorn’s flesh. The original meaning has been lost. (Compare – originally “nose”, now “self”.)

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pai³⁵/
Harbin /pai²⁴/
Tianjin /pai⁴⁵/
Jinan /pei²¹³/
Qingdao /pe⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pɛ⁴²/
Xi'an /pei²⁴/
Xining /pɨ²⁴/
Yinchuan /pia¹³/
/pɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /pə⁵³/
Ürümqi /pai⁵¹/
/pei⁵¹/
Wuhan /pɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /pe³¹/
Guiyang /pɛ²¹/
Kunming /pə³¹/
Nanjing /pəʔ⁵/
Hefei /pɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pai¹¹/
/piəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /piʌʔ⁵³/ ~的
/pæ¹³/ ~菜
Hohhot /pɛ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /baʔ¹/
Suzhou /bɑʔ³/
Hangzhou /bɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /bai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pʰɛ²²/
Tunxi /pʰa¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /pə²⁴/
Xiangtan /pæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /pʰɑʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /pʰak̚⁵/
Taoyuan /pʰɑk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pak̚²/
Nanning /pak̚²²/
Hong Kong /pak̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pik̚⁵/
/peʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /paʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pa⁴⁴/
/pɛ⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /peʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbɔk̚⁵/
/ʔbɛ³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (3)
Final: (113)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: bó
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/bɣæk̚/ /bɯak̚/ /bak̚/ /baɨjk̚/ /bɐk̚/ /bɐk̚/ /bʱɐk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bái ‹ bæk › /*bˤrak/ white

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
207 0 /*braːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. white
      ―  bái  ―  white color
  2. clear; easy to understand
      ―  míngbái  ―  clear , obvious
    /   ―  qiǎnbái  ―  simple
  3. clear; pure; plain; blank
    /   ―  báizhǐ  ―  a blank sheet of paper
      ―  báishuǐ  ―  plain water
      ―  báizhōu  ―  plain congee
  4. vernacular
    /   ―  báihuà  ―  spoken language
  5. reactionary; anti-communist
    /   ―  báijūn  ―  The White army
    /   ―  bái  ―  The White area
    色恐怖  ―  báisèkǒngbù  ―  the White terror
  6. in vain; for nothing
    我們沒有 / 我们没有  ―  Wǒmen méiyǒu bái máng.  ―  Our efforts were not in vain.
      ―  bái děng le.  ―  She waited in vain.
    他們沒有 / 他们没有  ―  Tāmen de xuè méiyǒu bái liú.  ―  Their blood was not shed in vain.
    所有工作  ―  Suǒyǒu de gōngzuò dōu bái zuò le.  ―  All the work has been done for nothing.
  7. free of charge; gratuitous; gratis
    可以拿走蘋果 / 可以拿走苹果  ―  Nǐ kěyǐ bái názǒu zhè xiē pínguǒ.  ―  You can have these apples for free.
  8. to stare coldly; to stare at someone with the white of the eyes
    生氣一眼 / 生气一眼  ―  Tā shēngqì dì bái le tā yīyǎn.  ―  She gave him an angry stare.
  9. to explain; to present; to state
      ―  bái  ―  explain oneself, confess
    開場 / 开场  ―  kāichǎngbái  ―  preamble
      ―  biǎobái  ―  to explain oneself
    /   ―  biànbái  ―  to explain, to defend oneself
  10. to mispronounce or wrongly write a character
    老是讀破句 / 老是读破句  ―  Wǒ lǎoshì xiě bái zì dúpòjù.  ―  I always mispronounce words and break my sentences up in the wrong places.
    /   ―  Wǒ bǎ zhè zì niàn bái le.  ―  I've mispronounced the character.
  11. spoken lines in opera
      ―  niànbái  ―  spoken parts of a Chinese opera
      ―  dàobái  ―  spoken parts of a Chinese opera
    /   ―  bái  ―  monologue
    /   ―  duìbái  ―  dialogue
  12. dialect
    /   ―  bái  ―  Suzhou dialect
      ―  jīngbái  ―  Beijing dialect
  13. Abbreviation of 白讀白读 (báidú, “colloquial reading”).
  14. funeral
    喜事 / 喜事  ―  hóngbáixǐshì  ―  weddings and funerals
  15. A surname​. Bai
Compounds[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
しろ
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しろ, romaji shiro)

  1. white
  2. a white go stone
  3. innocence
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しら, romaji shira)

  1. white, Old Japanese pronunciation, now only seen in compounds
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
はく
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はく, romaji haku)

  1. white

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Japanese ·  (いろ) ‎(iro) (layout · text)
     赤色 (あかいろ) ‎(akairo)       (みどり) ‎(midori)      黄色 (きいろ) ‎(kiiro)      クリーム (いろ) ‎(kurīmuiro)       (しろ) ‎(shiro)
     深紅 (しんく) ‎(shinku),
クリムゾン ‎(kurimuzon),
紅色 (べにいろ) ‎(beniiro),
紅色 (くれないいろ) ‎(kurenaiiro)
     マゼンタ ‎(mazenta)      ?      黄緑 (きみどり) ‎(kimidori)      ピンク ‎(pinku),
桃色 (ももいろ) ‎(momoiro)
     ?       (あお) ‎(ao)      オレンジ ‎(orenji), 橙色 (だいだいいろ) ‎(daidaiiro)      灰色 (はいいろ) ‎(haiiro),
鼠色 (ねずみいろ) ‎(nezumiiro)
     ?
      (くろ) ‎(kuro)       (むらさき) ‎(murasaki)      茶色 (ちゃいろ) ‎(chairo),
褐色 (かっしょく) ‎(kasshoku)
     水色 (みずいろ) ‎(mizuiro)      シアン ‎(shian)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(baek, pa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: baek, pa, McCune-Reischauer: paek, p'a, Yale: payk, pha)
  • Name (hangeul): 희다 (revised: huida, McCune-Reischauer: hŭida, Yale: huyta)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

See also[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

白 (bạch, bạc)

Adjective[edit]

  1. white