白金

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Chinese[edit]

 
white; empty; blank; bright; clear; plain; pure; gratuitous
metal; money; gold
simp. and trad.
(白金)

Etymology[edit]

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Wasei kango (和製漢語), borrowed from Japanese  (はっ) (きん) (hakkin, platinum), semantically readapted from Chinese 白金 (“silver”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

白金

  1. (informal) platinum (metal)
  2. white gold (alloy of gold)
  3. (archaic) silver
  4. (slang) handcuffs

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Chemical element
Pt Previous: イリジウム (irijiumu) (Ir)
Next:  (きん) (kin) (Au)

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
はく > はっ
Grade: 1
きん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

Originally from Middle Chinese compound 白金 (MC bˠæk̚ kˠiɪm, “white + metal”) in reference to silver. Consider (shirogane, older shirokane, silver, literally white metal), where shiro in isolation is spelled and kane in isolation is spelled .

Later repurposed as (haku, white) +‎ (kin, gold), calque of Dutch witgoud (white gold), likely in reference to the metal's description as “white gold” in earlier scientific works.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

白金 (hiragana はっきん, rōmaji hakkin, historical hiragana はくきん)

  1. platinum (metal)
  2. (rare, possibly obsolete) silver, particularly silver powder used as a pigment
Usage notes[edit]

This reading hakkin is sometimes used erroneously to refer to white gold, due to one of the literal interpretations of the characters in the kanji spelling. The reading shirokin (see below) appears in some reference works[2] with the meaning white gold, but the borrowed term ホワイトゴールド (howaito gōrudo) is much more common.

Synonyms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しろ
Grade: 1
きん
Grade: 1
yutōyomi

Compound of (shiro, white) +‎ (kin, gold). The use of the kun'yomi for the first character and the on'yomi for the second character points to a more recent derivation.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

白金 (hiragana しろきん, rōmaji shirokin)

  1. (rare, possibly proscribed) white gold
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan