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U+7687, 皇
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7687

[U+7686]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7688]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes
Japanese stroke order
9 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 106 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹日一土 (HAMG), four-corner 26104, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 786, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22701
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1201, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2645, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7687

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋs
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋ
ɡʷaːŋ
ɡʷaːŋʔ
qʷaːŋ, *qʷaːŋs, *qʷaŋʔ
qʷaːŋ
kʷaŋʔ, *kʰʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋ, *ɢʷaŋs
kʷaŋʔ
kʷaŋs, *ɡʷaŋ, *kʷaŋs
kʰʷaŋ
kʰʷaŋ
kʰʷaŋ
kʰʷaŋ
kʰʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋs
kʰʷaŋ
kʰʷaŋ
kʰʷaŋ
kʰʷaŋ
kʰʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋ
ɡʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋs
ɡʷaŋ
ɡʷaŋ
ɡʷaŋʔ
ɢʷaŋ, *ɢʷaŋs
ɢʷaŋ
ɢʷaŋ
ɢʷaŋs
qʰʷraːŋ
qʰʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋ
ɡʷraːŋ
ɡʷraːŋ
ɡʷaŋ

Pictogram (象形) ― a lit oil lamp. The derivative (OC *ɡʷaːŋ) refers to the original word.

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “what is the relationship to 王?”

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (102)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦwɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɣuɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɣuɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huáng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huáng huáng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwang › ‹ hwang ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷˤaŋ/ /*[ɢ]ʷˤaŋ/
English yellow and white spotted sovereign

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12696
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷaːŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. magnificent
  2. emperor; sovereign; ruler; superior
  3. royal; imperial; august
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. emperor

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hwang, wang) (hangeul , )

  1. emperor

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoàng, huỳnh)

  1. emperor