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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 107 +10, 15 strokes, cangjie input 心山木竹水 (PUDHE), four-corner 24447)

  1. wrinkles, creases, folds

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 791, character 46
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22899
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1207, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2757, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+76BA

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (皺), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 莊 (18)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 側救切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɨuH/ /ʈ͡ʂi̯ə̯uH/ /t͡ʃiuH/ /ʈ͡ʂiuH/ /ʈ͡ʂuwH/ /t͡ʃĭəuH/ /t͡ʃiəuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhòu ‹ tsrjuwH › /*[ts]ˤro-s/ wrinkles

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1597 1 /*ʔsrus/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Origins unclear. Possibly related to ‎(sabi, rust, oxidation), from the way the surface of something changes.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さび, romaji sabi)

  1. a pattern of cracks and wrinkles on the surface of an 烏帽子 ‎(eboshi, traditional Japanese formal black hat) formed as the black lacquer dries
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably from stem shiwo of classical verb shiworu, modern shioru (萎る, 撓る: “to make something loosen, to make something wither and wrinkle”). Probably cognate with shiwa below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しぼ, romaji shibo)

  1. a pattern of cracks and wrinkles on the surface of an 烏帽子 ‎(eboshi, traditional Japanese formal black hat) formed as the black lacquer dries
  2. a pattern of puckers and bulges in a cloth, caused by the warp and woof of the material
  3. a similar pattern of puckers and bulges formed on the surface of paper or leather

Etymology 3[edit]

Probably from stem shiwa of verb shiwaru (撓る: “to sag, as something elastic that has lost its bounce”). Probably cognate with shibo above.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しわ, romaji shiwa)

  1. wrinkles in skin, paper, cloth, or some other surface
  2. ripples on the surface of water
  3. a pattern of cracks and wrinkles on the surface of an 烏帽子 ‎(eboshi, traditional Japanese formal black hat) formed as the black lacquer dries
Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chu) (hangeul , revised chu, McCune-Reischauer ch'u, Yale chwu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trứu, nhíu, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.