社会

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See also: 社會

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 社會 (“society; community; class; etc.”).
(This term, 社会, is the simplified form of 社會.)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゃ
Grade: 2
かい
Grade: 2
kan’on
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 社会 on Japanese Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 社會 (MC d͡ʑiaX ɦuɑiH, “public gathering for offering to the god of earth”), as a compound composed of (god of earth; ceremony for offering to the god of earth) + (gathering). The word was repurposed by Fukuchi Gen'ichirō in 1875 to translate the western concept of society.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

社会(しゃかい) (shakai (kyūjitai 社會, historical kana しやくわい)

  1. society (group of people sharing culture)
    • 1910, 森鷗外, 鴎外漁史とは誰ぞ:
      (ひと)社会(しゃかい)()動物(どうぶつ)だ。
      Hito wa shakai o nasu dōbutsu da.
      Man is an animal that builds societies / Man is a social animal.
  2. a class, a world of a certain group
    • 1904, 河口慧海, チベット旅行記:
      これらは中等以下(ちゅうとういか)社会(しゃかい)(ひと)(おお)い。
      Kore-ra wa chūtō ika no shakai no hito ni ōi.
      These are very common among people from the middle and lower classes.
    • 1929, 平林初之輔, 昭和四年の文壇の概観:
      ちょうどそれは金融寡頭政治(きんゆうかとうせいじ)社会(しゃかい)とよく()ている。
      Chōdo sore wa kin'yū katōseiji no shakai to yoku nite iru.
      It looks exactly like a world of financial oligarchs.

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Chinese: 社會
  • Korean: 사회 (sahoe)
  • Vietnamese: xã hội

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN