神戸

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See also: 神戶 and 神户

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 3
へ > べ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
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Etymology[edit]

⟨kamu pe1⟨kamube1 → */kamubʲe//kaũbe//kɔːbe//koːbe/

Originally a compound of (kamu, Old Japanese combining form of kami, “(Shinto) god, deity) +‎ (he, house); itself referring to 生田神社 (Ikuta Jinja, Ikuta Shrine) as attested in the Nihon Shoki (720 CE).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

神戸(こうべ) (Kōbe (historical kana かうべ)

  1. Kobe (the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan)

Descendants[edit]

  • English: Kobe

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Old Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (kamu, combining form of kami2, “(Shinto) god, deity) +‎ (pe1, house). The pe1 changes to be1 as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Noun[edit]

神戸 (kamube1) (kana かむべ)

  1. under the 律令 (Ritsuryō) system, a shrine in the 封戸 (fuko) household of taxation
    • 720, Nihon Shoki (Emperor Sujin, seventh year of reign [c. 90 BCE], thirteenth day of the eleventh month)
      然後卜祭他社、吉焉。便別祭八十萬群神。仍定天社國社、及神地神戸
      Then after was the divination and veneration to the other gods, thereupon [it was] good. Then the other eighty and ten thousand gods were venerated separately. A shrine was dedicated to the ama tsu yashiro [heavenly deities], kuni tsu yashiro [national deities], as well as the godly places and the shrine households.

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: 神戸 (kanbe, Kōbe)