神楽

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See also: 神樂

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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神楽 (kagura): a performance of 八王子の舞 (Hachiōji no Mai) at Tokuyama Shrine.
Kanji in this term
かむ > か
Grade: 3
らく > ぐら
Grade: 2
Irregular

/kamu kura//kankura//kaŋɡura//kaɡura/

From Old Japanese.

Originally a compound of (kamu, spirit, god) +‎ (kura, seat).[1][2][3] The kura changes to gura as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

The original compound referred to the place used to call down the (kami, spirits and gods) to earth, when a 巫女 (miko, shrine maiden) would act as a medium for the kami. Over time, the term came to refer to the music and dance of the ceremony. The use of the character here is an example of jukujikun (熟字訓), reflecting the change in meaning.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

神楽 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 神樂, hiragana かぐら, rōmaji kagura)

  1. (Shinto) sacred dancing and music performed at Shintō ceremonies, often by miko, to honor Shintō spirits and gods
    Synonym: 神遊び (kamiasobi)
  2. bugaku (a type of traditional dancing and music) performed by regular people in front of a Shintō shrine
    Synonyms: 里神楽 (sato kagura), 太太神楽 (daidai kagura)
  3. a type of Noh dancing and music
  4. a type of kabuki musical accompaniment
  5. Short for 御神楽 (o-kagura): a flat-topped house initially built with one storey, with additional storeys added later
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

神楽 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 神樂, hiragana かぐら, rōmaji Kagura)

  1. a place name
  2. a surname
  3. a female given name

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かみ
Grade: 3
がく
Grade: 2
yutōyomi

Compound of (kami, spirit, god) +‎ (gaku, music).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

神楽 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 神樂, hiragana かみがく, rōmaji kamigaku)

  1. (rare) a type of dance in a Noh play, performed by the leading (okina, old man) character

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
じん
Grade: 3
らく
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Probably from Middle Chinese 神樂 (MC ʑiɪn lɑk̚, literally “god, spirit + happy; music”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

神楽 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 神樂, hiragana じんらく, rōmaji Jinraku)

  1. a place name
  2. a surname

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
かむ > か
Grade: 3
らき
Grade: 2
Irregular

Unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Proper noun[edit]

神楽 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 神樂, hiragana からき, rōmaji Karaki)

  1. a surname

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN