神無月

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Japanese

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: 3

Grade: 4
つき > づき
Grade: 1
kun'yomi
Alternative spelling
神無月 (kyūjitai)

Shift from kaminazuki or kamunazuki below.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(かん)()(づき) (kannazuki

  1. (archaic) the tenth month of the lunar calendar
  2. (poetic) the month of the kami, October

Etymology 2

[edit]
Kanji in this term
かみ
Grade: 3

Grade: 4
つき > づき
Grade: 1
kun'yomi
Alternative spelling
神無月 (kyūjitai)

Compound of (kami, Shinto god, deity) +‎ (na, Old Japanese possessive particle, apophonic form of (no)) +‎ (tsuki, month). The tsuki changes to zuki as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

The use of the kanji (not, none) for the na portion is an example of phonetic ateji (当て字). In one folk etymology, kami were said to assemble at Izumo Grand Shrine in this month, leaving no gods in the rest of Japan.[2][3][4][5][6]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(かみ)()(づき) (kaminazuki

  1. (archaic) the tenth month of the lunar calendar
  2. (poetic) the month of the kami, October

Etymology 3

[edit]
Kanji in this term
かむ
Grade: 3

Grade: 4
つき > づき
Grade: 1
kun'yomi
Alternative spelling
神無月 (kyūjitai)

Compound of (kamu, combining form of kami, “Shinto god, deity) +‎ (na, Old Japanese possessive particle, apophonic form of (no)) +‎ (tsuki, month). The tsuki changes to zuki as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Noun

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(かむ)()(づき) (kamunazuki

  1. (archaic) the tenth month of the lunar calendar
  2. (poetic) the month of the kami, October

See also

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References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN
  2. ^ 神無月”, in 日本国語大辞典 [Nihon Kokugo Daijiten]‎[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, 2000
  3. ^ Shinmura, Izuru, editor (1998), 広辞苑 [Kōjien] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 神無月”, in デジタル大辞泉 [Digital Daijisen]‎[2] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, updated roughly every four months
  6. ^ Kitahara, Yasuo, editor (2002), 明鏡国語辞典 [Meikyō Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), First edition, Tokyo: Taishūkan Shoten, →ISBN
  7. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Old Japanese

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Compound of (kami2/kamu-, Shinto god, deity) +‎ (na, apophonic form of possessive particle (no2)) +‎ (tuki2, month). The tsuki changes to zuki as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

In one folk etymology, kami were said to assemble at Izumo Grand Shrine in this month, leaving no gods in the rest of Japan.

Noun

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神無月 (kami2naduki2, kamunaduki2) (kana かみなづき, かむなづき)

  1. the tenth month of the lunar calendar

Descendants

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  • Japanese: 神無月 (かんなづき, kannazuki)