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U+7981, 禁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7981

[U+7980]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7982]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 113, +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 木木一一火 (DDMMF), four-corner 44901, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 844, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24743
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1264, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2400, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7981

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·ruːm
*ɡ·ruːm
*ɡ·ruːm
*ɡ·ruːmʔ
*ɡ·ruːmʔ
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯm, *ɡ·rɯms
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯmʔ, *ɡ·rɯms
*slɯmʔ, *srɯms
*r̥ʰɯm, *srɯm
*r̥ʰɯm
*r̥ʰɯm
*krɯm, *krɯms
*krɯm
*krɯms, *ŋɡrɯmʔ
澿 *ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯmʔ, *ɡrɯms
*ɡrɯmʔ, *ɡrɯms
*ɡrɯms

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *krɯm, *krɯms): phonetic  (OC *ɡ·rɯm) + semantic  (altar).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjim/
Li
Rong
/kjəm/
Wang
Li
/kĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 8180
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to bear; to endure
  2. to be able to withstand
    • [Cantonese]  ―  Ngo5 m4 kam1 gik1 gaa3. [Jyutping]  ―  I cannot stand getting annoyed.
  3. (usually used in the negative) to contain oneself; to restrain oneself
  4. to torment; to torture
  5. (Cantonese) durable
  6. Alternative form of (jīn, “coat sash; belt (to fasten clothes); girdle”).

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • géng - literary;
  • gêng - vernacular (“to warn; to caution against”).
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (140)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠiɪmH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚimH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiemH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kjimH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kjəmH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭĕmH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯əmH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jìn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jìn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kimH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kr[ə]m-s/
    English prohibit

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 8181
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*krɯms/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to prohibit; to forbid; to restrict
    2. to pin down; to restrain
    3. to block; to hinder
    4. to imprison; to detain; to take into custody
    5. to use incantation
    6. to store up; to hoard
    7. ban; prohibition; restriction; interdict
    8. taboo; banned item or thing
    9. prison; jail; confinement
    10. (historical) court; palace
    11. sorcery; incantation; spell

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. prohibition

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    きん
    Grade: 5
    on’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana きん, rōmaji kin)

    1. prohibition

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (geum) (hangeul , revised geum, McCune–Reischauer kŭm, Yale kum)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (cấm, bấm, quắm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.