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U+7981, 禁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7981

[U+7980]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7982]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 113 +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 木木一一火 (DDMMF), four-corner 44901, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 844, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24743
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1264, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2400, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7981

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·ruːm
*ɡ·ruːm
*ɡ·ruːm
*ɡ·ruːmʔ
*ɡ·ruːmʔ
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯm, *ɡ·rɯms
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯmʔ, *ɡ·rɯms
*slɯmʔ, *srɯms
*r̥ʰɯm, *srɯm
*r̥ʰɯm
*r̥ʰɯm
*krɯm, *krɯms
*krɯm
*krɯms, *ŋɡrɯmʔ
澿 *ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯmʔ, *ɡrɯms
*ɡrɯmʔ, *ɡrɯms
*ɡrɯms

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *krɯm, *krɯms): phonetic (OC *ɡ·rɯm) + semantic (altar).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjim/
Li
Rong
/kjəm/
Wang
Li
/kĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 8180
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to bear; to endure
  2. to be able to withstand
    • [Cantonese]  ―  Ngo5 m4 kam1 gik1 gaa3. [Jyutping]  ―  I cannot stand getting annoyed.
  3. (usually used in the negative) to contain oneself; to restrain oneself
  4. to torment; to torture
  5. (Cantonese) durable
  6. Alternative form of (jīn, “coat sash; belt (to fasten clothes); girdle”).

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • géng - literary;
  • gêng - vernacular (“to warn; to caution against”).

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiɪmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚimH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiemH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjimH/
Li
Rong
/kjəmH/
Wang
Li
/kĭĕmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯əmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jìn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jìn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kimH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kr[ə]m-s/
English prohibit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 8181
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯms/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to prohibit; to forbid; to restrict
  2. to pin down; to restrain
  3. to block; to hinder
  4. to imprison; to detain; to take into custody
  5. to use incantation
  6. to store up; to hoard
  7. ban; prohibition; restriction; interdict
  8. taboo; banned item or thing
  9. prison; jail; confinement
  10. (historical) court; palace
  11. sorcery; incantation; spell

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. prohibition

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
きん
Grade: 5
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きん, romaji kin)

  1. prohibition

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geum) (hangeul , revised geum, McCune-Reischauer kŭm, Yale kum)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cấm, bấm, quắm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.