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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 113 +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 木木一一火 (DDMMF), four-corner 44901, composition)

  1. restrict, prohibit, forbid

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 844, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24743
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1264, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2400, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7981

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *krɯm, *krɯms): phonetic  ‎(OC *ɡ·rɯm) + semantic  ‎(altar)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (140) (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiɪm/ /kˠiɪmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚim/ /kᵚimH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiem/ /kiemH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjim/ /kjimH/
Li
Rong
/kjəm/ /kjəmH/
Wang
Li
/kĭĕm/ /kĭĕmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯əm/ /ki̯əmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīn jìn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jìn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kimH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kr[ə]m-s/
English prohibit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 8180 8181
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯm/ /*krɯms/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. prohibition

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
きん
Grade: 5
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きん, romaji kin)

  1. prohibition

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geum) (hangeul , revised geum, McCune-Reischauer kŭm, Yale kum)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cấm, bấm, quắm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.