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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 113 +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 木木一一火 (DDMMF), four-corner 44901, composition)

  1. restrict, prohibit, forbid

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 844, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24743
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1264, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2400, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7981

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (28)
Final: (140)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jīn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɣiɪm/ /kɯim/ /kiem/ /kjim/ /kjəm/ /kĭĕm/ /ki̯əm/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (28)
Final: (140)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jìn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɣiɪmH/ /kɯimH/ /kiemH/ /kjimH/ /kjəmH/ /kĭĕmH/ /ki̯əmH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jìn ‹ kimH › /*kr[ə]m-s/ prohibit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8180 1 /*krɯm/
8181 1 /*krɯms/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. prohibition

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
きん
Grade: 5
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きん, romaji kin)

  1. prohibition

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geum) (hangeul , revised geum, McCune-Reischauer kŭm, Yale kum)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cấm, bấm, quắm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.