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U+798A, 禊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-798A

[U+7989]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+798B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 113 +9, 14 strokes, cangjie input 戈火手竹大 (IFQHK), four-corner 37234, composition(GHT) or ⿰(JK))

  1. semi-annual ceremony of purification

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 844, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24760
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1265, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2404, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+798A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pʰoŋ, *boŋ, *ɡaːds
*kreːds
*kʰjeds, *ɡeːds, *kʰjed
*ɡjeds
*kʰeːds, *kʰeːd, *kʰeːd, *kʰɯd
*kʰeːds
*ɡeːds
*ɡeːds
*kreːd, *sqʰeːd
*kʰreːd
*qreːd, *kraːd, *kʰeːd
*qreːd
*sqʰeːd
*sqʰeːd
*keːd
*keːd, *ɡeːd
*keːd, *kʰeːd
*kʰeːd
*kʰeːd
*ŋeːd
*qʰeːd
*ŋ̊ʰeːɡ

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦeiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦeiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɛjH/
Li
Rong
/ɣeiH/
Wang
Li
/ɣieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6495
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡeːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. Shinto purification ceremony

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(misogi): a man performing misogi at night under a waterfall at Tsubaki Grand Shrine.
Kanji in this term
みそぎ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

*/mi1so2ɡi1/ invalid IPA characters (/121)/misoɡi/

From Old Japanese, attested in the Kojiki. Ancient documents have the term written in jukujikun (熟字訓), spelled in the Kojiki with , and in the Man'yōshū with , 潔身 and 身秡, leaving the original pronunciation of the initial miso likely unknown. The earliest account of a phonetic spelling is the Heian-period Nihon Shoki-shiki, with 美曽岐 (*/mi1so2ɡi1/ invalid IPA characters (/121)). See the Man'yōgana and Jōdai Tokushu Kanazukai articles for more detail on ancient spellings.

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 禊ぐ (misogu, to perform ablutions (on someone), archaic).[1]

Some sources[1] suggest that this might be derived from (mi, body) + 注ぎ (sosogi, pouring over, into, onto), or alternatively from (mi, water) + 注ぎ (sosogi, pouring over, into, onto). Considering that had an ancient reading of /mi2/ invalid IPA characters (2), while had an ancient reading of /mi1/ invalid IPA characters (1), the latter is a better potential match.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みそぎ, rōmaji misogi)

  1. (Shinto) a form of ritual purification, performed with water; ablution
    • 905, Kokin Wakashū (book 11, poem 501)
       (こひ)せじと ()手洗 (たらし) (がは)にせしみそぎ (かみ)はうけずぞなりにけらしも
      koi seji to Mitarashi-gawa ni seshi misogi kami ni ukezu zo nari ni kerashi mo
      I would love no more, and in the river of cleansing did the lustral rites―but it seems that in the end the god did not accept them.[4]
  2. (Shinto, particularly) a purification ritual held in shrines on the 三十日 (misoka, last day) of 水無月 (Minazuki, sixth lunar month)

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana みそぎ, rōmaji Misogi)

  1. A female given name

Verb[edit]

する (transitive, hiragana みそぎする, rōmaji misogi suru)

  1. to perform ritual purification or ablutions on someone

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ Edwin A. Cranston (1993) A Waka Anthology: Grasses of remembrance, Stanford University Press, →ISBN, page 27
  5. ^ Esperanza Ramirez-Christensen (2008) Murmured Conversations: A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei, annotated edition, Stanford University Press, →ISBN, page 46

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gye) (hangeul , revised gye, McCune-Reischauer kye, Yale kyey)

  1. semi-annual ceremony of purification

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hễ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.