窿

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窿 U+7ABF, 窿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7ABF

[U+7ABE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7AC0]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

窿 (radical 116, +12, 17 strokes, cangjie input 十金弓中一 (JCNLM), four-corner 30214, composition)

  1. mineshaft
  2. cavity, hole

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 868, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25660
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1297, character 37
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2741, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+7ABF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
窿

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kluːmʔ, *kluːms, *kromʔ, *kloːms
*kluːmʔ, *kluːms
*kʰluːms
*kr'oːms, *qʰloːms
*kruːŋs, *ɡruːŋ, *ɡloːŋ, *ɡluːŋ
*kruːŋs, *ɡruːŋ
*kruːŋs
*ɡruːŋ
*ɡruːŋ
*ɡruːŋ
*ɡ·ruːŋ
*ɡ·ruːŋ
窿 *ɡ·ruːŋ
*ɡ·ruːŋ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character 窿
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (2)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/liuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/liuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/luwŋ/
Li
Rong
/liuŋ/
Wang
Li
/lĭuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯uŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lóng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 窿
Reading # 1/1
No. 6288
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·ruːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

窿

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“hole”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) , , 孔洞, 空洞, 空穴
Mandarin Beijing 窟窿
Jinan 窟窿
Xi'an 窟窿子, 窟窿
Wuhan 窟窿, 窟眼, 洞洞,
Chengdu 窟窿, 洞洞,
Yangzhou
Hefei 窟窿,
Cantonese Guangzhou 窿, 咕窿
Hong Kong 窿, 咕窿
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 窿仔, 窿空仔
Jin Taiyuan 窟窿, 窟子
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou 空空
Min Nan Xiamen , 空口
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou 空口
Taipei
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou , , 窟窿
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng 眼貢,

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

窿

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): りゅう (ryū), りゅ (ryu)
  • Kun: ゆみなり (yuminari)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

窿 (ryung>yung) (hangeul >, revised ryung>yung, McCune–Reischauer ryung>yung, Yale lyung>yung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

窿 (lung, lọn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.