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See also:
U+7AF9, 竹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7AF9

[U+7AF8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7AFA]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
竹-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 118, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹 (H), four-corner 88220, composition亇)

  1. Kangxi radical #118, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 877, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25841
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1305, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2947, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7AF9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
竹-bronze-shang.svg 竹-oracle.svg 竹-bronze.svg 竹-bronze-warring.svg 竹-silk.svg 竹-slip.svg 竹-seal.svg 竹-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tuːɡ, *tuːɡ, *tuɡ
*tuːɡ
*tuɡ
*tuɡ, *duɡ
*tuɡ
*tuɡ

Pictogram (象形) – two bamboo stalks, with leaves. Earlier forms resembled + , current form resembles rather + .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tek/tiak - vernacular;
  • tiok - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂu³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂu²⁴/
    /t͡su²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡su⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂu⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂu²⁴/
    Xi'an /p͡fu²¹/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂv̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂu¹³/
    Lanzhou /p͡fu¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡səu²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡su³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡su²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂu³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂuʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂuəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡suʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡suəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡soʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕɤu²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡suʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕiu⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂəu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂəɯ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡suʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡suk̚¹/
    Taoyuan /tʃuk̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sok̚⁵/
    Nanning /t͡suk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡suk̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiɔk̚³²/
    /tik̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tøyʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ty²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tek̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sok̚⁵/
    /ʔdiɔk̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (9)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʈɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈiuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȶiuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈuwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȶiuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȶĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȶi̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhu
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhú
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ trjuwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*truk/
    English bamboo

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17588
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tuɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. bamboo (Classifier: ;  m;  m;  c)
        ―  zhúzi  ―  bamboo
    Compounds[edit]

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. bamboo

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    たけ
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana たけ, katakana タケ, rōmaji take)

    1. bamboo
    2. the middle of a 3-tier ranking system

    Coordinate terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (juk)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: juk, McCune–Reischauer: chuk, Yale: cwuk)
      • Name (hangeul):
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (trúc)

    1. (Sino-Vietnamese) bamboo
    2. any bamboo species of phyllostachys