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See also:
U+7AF9, 竹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7AF9

[U+7AF8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7AFA]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
竹-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 118 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹 (H), four-corner 88220, composition亇)

  1. Kangxi radical #118, .

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 877, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25841
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1305, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2947, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7AF9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
竹-bronze-shang.svg 竹-oracle.svg 竹-bronze.svg 竹-bronze-warring.svg 竹-silk.svg 竹-slip.svg 竹-seal.svg 竹-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tuːɡ, *tuːɡ, *tuɡ
*tuːɡ
*tuɡ
*tuɡ, *duɡ
*tuɡ
*tuɡ

Pictogram (象形) – two bamboo stalks, with leaves. Earlier forms resembled + , current form resembles rather + .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tek/tiak - vernacular;
  • tiok - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂu³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂu²⁴/
/t͡su²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡su⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂu²⁴/
Xi'an /p͡fu²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂu¹³/
Lanzhou /p͡fu¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡səu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡su³¹/
Guiyang /t͡su²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂu³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂuʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡suʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡suəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡soʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡suʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡suʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡suk̚¹/
Taoyuan /tʃuk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sok̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡suk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡suk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiɔk̚³²/
/tik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tøyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ty²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sok̚⁵/
/ʔdiɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (9)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈuwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ȶiuk̚/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhú
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*truk/
English bamboo

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17588
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuɡ/

Noun[edit]

  1. bamboo (Classifier: ;  m;  m;  c)
      ―  zhúzi  ―  bamboo
Compounds[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. bamboo

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Kanji in this term
たけ
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana たけ, katakana タケ, rōmaji take)

  1. bamboo
  2. the middle of a 3-tier ranking system

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(juk)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: juk, McCune-Reischauer: chuk, Yale: cwuk)
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trúc)

  1. (Sino-Vietnamese) bamboo
  2. any bamboo species of phyllostachys