竹刀

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Japanese[edit]

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A shinai (竹刀)

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 2
Irregular

Originally a clipping of 撓い竹 (shinaidake)[1]: 撓い (shinai, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 撓う (shinau, to bend)) + (take, bamboo).

The kanji are an example of jukujikun (熟字訓).

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “attestation of shinai?”)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

竹刀(しない) (shinaiしなひ (sinafi)?

  1. bamboo sword used in martial arts such as 剣道 (kendō)
Descendants[edit]
  • English: shinai

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
たけ
Grade: 1
かたな > がたな
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Compound of (たけ) (take, bamboo) + (かたな) (katana, katana). The katana of changes to gatana as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(たけ)(がたな) (takegatana

  1. katana with a bamboo blade; takemitsu
  2. bamboo comb used to comb a horse's mane (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちく
Grade: 1
とう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From the on'yomi reading of the kanji. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ちく)(とう) (chikutōちくたう (tikutau)?

  1. katana with a bamboo blade; takemitsu
  2. bamboo sword used in martial arts such as 剣道 (kendō); shinai

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN