竹刀

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Japanese[edit]

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A shinai (竹刀)

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 2
Irregular

Originally a clipping of 撓い竹 (shinaidake)[1]: 撓い (shinai, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 撓う (shinau, to bend)) + (take, bamboo).

The kanji are an example of jukujikun (熟字訓).

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “attestation of shinai?”

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

竹刀 (hiragana しない, rōmaji shinai, historical hiragana しなひ)

  1. bamboo sword used in martial arts such as 剣道 (kendō)
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
たけ
Grade: 1
かたな > がたな
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Compound of  (たけ) (take, bamboo) +  (かたな) (katana, katana). The katana of changes to gatana as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

竹刀 (hiragana たけがたな, rōmaji takegatana)

  1. katana with a bamboo blade; takemitsu
  2. bamboo comb used to comb a horse's mane (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちく
Grade: 1
とう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From the on'yomi reading of the kanji. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

竹刀 (hiragana ちくとう, rōmaji chikutō, historical hiragana ちくたう)

  1. katana with a bamboo blade; takemitsu
  2. bamboo sword used in martial arts such as 剣道 (kendō); shinai

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9