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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 118 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹木月 (HDB), four-corner 88902, composition)

  1. scheme, plan
  2. to whip
  3. urge

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 883, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26009
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1312, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2963, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7B56

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡sʰɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡sʰɤ⁵³/
Jinan /t͡sʰə²¹³/
/ʈ͡ʂʰei²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰə⁵⁵/
/ʈ͡ʂʰe⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡sʰei²¹/
Xining /t͡sʰɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰə/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰɤ²¹³/
/t͡sʰei²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰe³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰɛ²¹/
Kunming /t͡sʰə³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡sʰɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰaʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡sʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰaʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
/t͡sʰɑʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰɛʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰa⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰə²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰet̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰet̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰak̚³/
Nanning /t͡sʰak̚³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰak̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰaiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰeʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sek̚⁵/
/sɛ⁵⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (19)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɣɛk̚/ /ʈ͡ʂʰæk̚/ /t͡ʃʰɛk̚/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɯæk̚/ /ʈ͡ʂʰəɨjk̚/ /t͡ʃʰæk̚/ /t͡ʃʰɐk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tsrhɛk › /*[tsʰ](ˤ)rek/ tablet, record

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1765 0 /*sʰreːɡ/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. scheme; plan; policy; step; means

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さく, katakana サク, romaji saku)

  1. plan; policy
    正直は決して最上のではない。
    Shoujiki wa kesshite saijou no saku dewa nai.
    Honesty is never the best policy.

Derived Terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana さく, katakana サク, romaji -saku)

  1. plan; policy

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chaek) (hangeul , revised chaek, McCune-Reischauer ch'aek, Yale chayk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sách)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.