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See also:
U+7B56, 策
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7B56

[U+7B55]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7B57]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 118, +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹木月 (HDB), four-corner 88902, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 883, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26009
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1312, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 2963, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7B56

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰreːɡ): semantic (bamboo) + phonetic (OC *sʰeɡs).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • cháik - literary;
  • cháh - vernacular.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰɤ⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡sʰɤ⁵³/
    Tianjin /t͡sʰɤ⁵³/
    Jinan /t͡sʰə²¹³/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰei²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡sʰə⁵⁵/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰe⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡sʰei²¹/
    Xining /t͡sʰɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡sʰə¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡sʰɤ²¹³/
    /t͡sʰei²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰe³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰɛ²¹/
    Kunming /t͡sʰə³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡sʰɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰaʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡sʰʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰaʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
    /t͡sʰɑʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡sʰa²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰɛʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰa⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡sʰæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɛʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰet̚¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰet̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰak̚³/
    Nanning /t͡sʰak̚³³/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰak̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰik̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰaiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰeʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sek̚⁵/
    /sɛ⁵⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (19)
    Final () (119)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃʰˠɛk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚæk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃʰɐk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂʰəɨjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃʰɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃʰæk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂʰæk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    che
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    cak1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsrhɛk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[tsʰ](ˁ)rek/
    English tablet, record

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1765
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sʰreːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. plan; scheme; strategy
    2. (literary) to plan; to scheme
    3. to calculate; to estimate
    4. (historical) bamboo or wooden strips used for writing on in ancient China
      Synonyms: (), 簡策简策, 簡冊简册 (jiǎncè)
    5. (historical) a kind of emperor's edict
    6. (historical) a type of essay in ancient China, used in imperial examinations where questions on political or economic affairs were set
    7. (historical) a kind of computing tool in ancient China, on which the multiplication table was written for multiplication, division or extracting the square root during the Qing dynasty
    8. (historical) spur
    9. (literary) to spur; to whip; to urge with a horsewhip
    10. to drive; to urge
    11. number; value
    12. (literary) cane; walking stick
    13. to lean on; to rest on support
    14. (calligraphy) upward horizontal stroke (the fifth of the Eight Principles of Yong)
    15. (Chinese astronomy) This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    16. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (さく) (saku)

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. scheme; plan; policy; step; means

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    さく
    Grade: 6
    on’yomi

    Middle Chinese

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (さく) (saku

    1. plan; policy
      (しょう)(じき)(けっ)して(さい)(じょう)(さく)ではない。
      Shōjiki wa kesshite saijō no saku de wa nai.
      Honesty is never the best policy.
    2. the fifth of the Eight Principles of Yong

    Derived terms[edit]

    Hypernyms[edit]

    Coordinate terms[edit]

    Suffix[edit]

    (さく) (-saku

    1. plan, policy

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (chaek) (hangeul , revised chaek, McCune–Reischauer ch'aek, Yale chayk)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: sách

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.