child; son; (noun suff.); small thing; midnight; 11 p.m.-1 a.m.; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch
|simp. and trad.
The Old Chinese words for "chopsticks" were 箸 (zhù, OC *das) and 梜 (jiā, OC *keːb). 箸 is preserved in Min dialects (Taiwanese tī, tū; Fuzhou dê̤ṳ), Korean 젓가락 (jeotgarak) and Vietnamese đũa. Starting from the Ming Dynasty, the change to 筷子 occurred in Mandarin, Wu and some Cantonese dialects. The 15th century book Shuyuan Miscellanies (《菽園雜記》) by Lu Rong (陸容) mentioned this change: 如舟行諱「住」……，以「箸」為「快兒」 / 如舟行讳“住”……，以“箸”为“快儿” ― Rú zhōuháng huì "zhù"......, yǐ "zhù" wéi "kuàir" ― As the mariners feared 住 (“to stay”) […], they called 箸 (“chopsticks”) 快兒 (lit. "quick"). The bamboo radical (竹) was later added to 快 to form 筷.
- Dungan: куэзы
- (Japanese) 箸 (hashi)