筷子

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Chinese[edit]

chopstick
 
child; son; (noun suff.); small thing; midnight; 11 p.m.-1 a.m.; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch
simp. and trad.
(筷子)

Etymology[edit]

The Old Chinese words for "chopsticks" were (zhù, OC *das) and (jiā, OC *keːb). is preserved in Min dialects (Taiwanese , ; Fuzhou dê̤ṳ), Korean 젓가락 (jeotgarak) and Vietnamese đũa. Starting from the Ming Dynasty, the change to 筷子 occurred in Mandarin, Wu and some Cantonese dialects. The 15th century book Shuyuan Miscellanies (《菽園雜記》) by Lu Rong (陸容) mentioned this change:

舟行」……,快兒 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
舟行”……,快儿 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
Rú zhōuháng huì “zhù”......, yǐ “zhù” wéi “kuàir” [Pinyin]
As the mariners feared (“to stay”) […], they called (“chopsticks”) 快兒 (lit. "quick").

The bamboo radical () was later added to to form .

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

筷子

  1. chopsticks (Classifier: ; ;  m;  m;  m)
    筷子吃飯 / 筷子吃饭  ―  yòng kuàizi chīfàn  ―  to eat with chopsticks
    一次性筷子  ―  yīcìxìng kuàizi  ―  disposable chopsticks

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 筷子 (“chopsticks”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 筷子
Mandarin Beijing 筷子
Taiwan 筷子
Tianjin 筷子
Jinan 筷子
Xi'an 筷子
Wuhan 筷子
Chengdu 筷子
Yangzhou 筷子
Hefei 筷子
Cantonese Guangzhou 筷子
Hong Kong 筷子
Taishan 筷子
Yangjiang 筷子
Gan Nanchang 筷子
Hakka Meixian 筷隻箸隻
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 筷仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 筷仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 筷仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 筷子
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen 箸奇箸雙奇箸
Quanzhou 箸奇
Zhangzhou 箸奇奇箸
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai 筷子
Suzhou 筷兒
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha 筷子
Shuangfeng 筷子

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]