筷子

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Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

The Old Chinese words for "chopsticks" were // (zhù, OC *das), (jiā, OC *keːb) /挾提, which are still used in Min Nan (Taiwanese: , ), Korean 젓가락 (jeotgarak) and Vietnamese đũa. Starting from the Ming Dynasty, the change to "筷子" occurred in Mandarin, Wu and some Cantonese dialects. The 15th century book "Shuyuan Miscellanies" (《菽園雜記》) said of the change: "As the mariners feared (zhù, 'to stay') […], they call ('chopsticks') 快兒 ('quick')."[1] The bamboo radical (竹) was later added to 快, to form .

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin kuàizi
Zhuyin ㄎㄨㄞˋ ㄗ˙
IPA (key) /kʰu̯aɪ̯⁵¹ d͡z̥z̩¹/
Audio
(file)

Noun[edit]

筷子 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin kuàizi)

  1. chopsticks

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (Japanese)
  1. ^ Lu Rong, 菽園雜記, vol. 1:
    民間俗諱,各處有之,而吳中為甚。如舟行諱「住」,諱「翻」,以「箸」為「快兒」,「幡布」為「抹布」;諱「離」、「散」,以「梨」為「圓果」,「傘」為「豎笠」;諱「狼籍」,以「榔槌」為「興哥」;諱「惱躁」,以「謝竈」為「謝歡喜」。此皆俚俗可笑處,今士大夫亦有犯俗稱「快兒」者。