筷子

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chinese[edit]

chopstick
 
child; son; (noun suffix)
child; son; (noun suffix); small thing; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch; 11 pm-1 am; midnight
trad. (筷子)
simp. #(筷子)
alternative forms 快子

Etymology[edit]

The Old Chinese words for "chopsticks" were (OC *das) and (OC *keːb). is preserved in almost all Min dialects (Taiwanese , ; Fuzhou dê̤ṳ) and some other dialects, especially those in some contact with Min; it is also preserved in loans to other languages, e.g. Korean 젓가락 (jeotgarak), Vietnamese đũa and Zhuang dawh. Starting from the Ming Dynasty, the change to 筷子 occurred in Mandarin, Wu and some Cantonese dialects. The 15th century book Shuyuan Miscellanies (《菽園雜記》) by Lu Rong (陸容) mentioned this change:

舟行」……,快兒 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
舟行”……,快儿 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
Rú zhōuháng huì “zhù”......, yǐ “zhù” wéi “kuàir” [Pinyin]
As the mariners feared (“to stay”) […], they called (“chopsticks”) 快兒 (lit. "quick + diminutive suffix").

The bamboo radical () was later added to to form .

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

Chopsticks on a dish.jpg

筷子

  1. chopsticks (Classifier: m c;  m c;  m;  m;  m;  c;  c)
    筷子吃飯筷子吃饭  ―  yòng kuàizi chīfàn  ―  to eat with chopsticks
    一次性筷子  ―  yīcìxìng kuàizi  ―  disposable chopsticks

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Tibetan: ཁོ་ཙེ (kho tse)