child; son; (noun suff.); small thing; midnight; 11 p.m.-1 a.m.; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch
|simp. and trad.
The Old Chinese words for "chopsticks" were 箸/筯/櫡 (zhù, OC *das), 梜 (jiā, OC *keːb) /挾提, which are still used in Min Nan (Taiwanese: tī, tɨ), Korean 젓가락 (jeotgarak, “jeotgarak”) and Vietnamese đũa. Starting from the Ming Dynasty, the change to "筷子" occurred in Mandarin, Wu and some Cantonese dialects. The 15th century book "Shuyuan Miscellanies" (《菽園雜記》) said of the change: "As the mariners feared 住 (zhù, 'to stay') […], they call 箸 ('chopsticks') 快兒 ('quick')." The bamboo radical (竹) was later added to 快, to form 筷.
- Dungan: куэзы
- (Japanese) 箸