箜篌

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Chinese[edit]

ancient string music instrument (mus. instr.)
simp. and trad.
(箜篌)

Etymology[edit]

Said to derive from "čangaryā" or "čingaryā," the name of this instrument in the Sogdian language, an Iranian language formerly spoken in Central Asia; perhaps deriving ultimately from Turkic čingar

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (箜篌, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (29)
Final: (1)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: kōng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuŋ/ /kʰuŋ/ /kʰuŋ/ /kʰəwŋ/ /kʰuŋ/ /kʰuŋ/ /kʰuŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final: (137)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: hóu
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦəu/ /ɦəu/ /ɣəu/ /ɦəw/ /ɣu/ /ɣəu/ /ɣə̯u/

Noun[edit]

箜篌

  1. (archaic) a term used to refer to one of a number of different plucked string instruments (mostly harps) used in the music of ancient China

Usage notes[edit]

  • This instrument has been revived in modernized form in the 20th century.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji

Noun[edit]

箜篌 ‎(hiragana くご, romaji kugo)

  1. An old East Asian stringed instrument

Noun[edit]

箜篌 ‎(hiragana くうご, romaji kūgo)

  1. An old East Asian stringed instrument

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

箜篌 ‎(gonghu) ‎(hangeul 공후)

  1. Hanja form? of 공후, “any of a number of harps used in ancient East Asia”.