箜篌

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(箜篌)
Wikipedia has articles on:
箜篌 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Konghou (English)

Etymology[edit]

Transcription of a foreign term from the west. Compare Sogdian cngryʾ (pronounced čangaryā) or Sogdian cyngryʾ (pronounced čingaryā), both names of this instrument in the Sogdian language, as well as Persian چنگ (čang) and the Turkic harp of çeng.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (29) (33)
Final () (1) (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰuŋ/ /ɦəu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰuŋ/ /ɦəu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuŋ/ /ɣəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəwŋ/ /ɦəw/
Li
Rong
/kʰuŋ/ /ɣu/
Wang
Li
/kʰuŋ/ /ɣəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuŋ/ /ɣə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kōng hóu

Noun[edit]

箜篌

  1. (music, chiefly historical) a term used to refer to one of a number of different plucked string instruments (mostly harps) used in the music of ancient China

Usage notes[edit]

  • This instrument has been revived in modernized form in the 20th century.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji

Noun[edit]

箜篌 (hiragana くご, rōmaji kugo)

  1. An old East Asian stringed instrument

Noun[edit]

箜篌 (hiragana くうご, rōmaji kūgo)

  1. An old East Asian stringed instrument

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

箜篌 (gonghu) (hangeul 공후)

  1. Hanja form? of 공후, “any of a number of harps used in ancient East Asia”.