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See also:
U+7D04, 約
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D04

[U+7D03]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D05]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 女火心戈 (VFPI) or 女火心一 (VFPM), four-corner 27920, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 915, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27242
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1343, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3364, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+7D04

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
約-silk.svg 約-bigseal.svg 約-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*preːwɢs
*preːwɢs, *preːwɢ
*breːw, *b·reːwɢs
*ʔreːwɢs, *ʔreːwɢ
*plew, *pʰlew, *bljewɢ, *pleːwɢ
*ʔlewɢs, *ʔlewɢ
*pleːwʔ, *pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢs
*teːwɢs
*ɡleːwʔ, *spʰlewɢ, *pl'ewɢ, *bljewɢ, *pleːwɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ, *bljewɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ, *bljewɢ
*bljewɢ, *sbreːwɢ
*bljewɢ
*qlewɢ, *qreːwɢ
礿 *lewɢ
*preːwɢ, *pleːwɢ
*breːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔlewɢs, *ʔlewɢ): semantic  (rope) + phonetic  (OC *pljewɢ, *bljewɢ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: yāo - only the sense of “to weigh on a balance or scale”.
Note:
  • iók - literary;
  • ióh - vernacular.
Note:
  • iok/iak - literary;
  • ioh - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (34) (34)
Final () (91) (107)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔiᴇuH/ /ʔɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔiɛuH/ /ʔiɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔjæuH/ /ʔiɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔiawH/ /ʔɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔiɛuH/ /ʔiak̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭɛuH/ /ĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ɛuH/ /ʔi̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yào yue
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yào yuē
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjiewH › ‹ ʔjak ›
Old
Chinese
/*[q]ewk-s/ /*[q](r)ewk/
English bond, agreement (n.) bind (v.), make an agreement

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11181 11201
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔlewɢs/ /*ʔlewɢ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to bundle up; to bind
  2. rope; cord
  3. to restrain; to limit; to keep under control
  4. to make an appointment; to arrange
  5. appointment; meeting; arrangement
  6. treaty; agreement; covenant; pact
  7. to invite or ask in advance
  8. to hinder; to block
  9. to save; to economise
  10. frugal; economical; thrifty
  11. brief; concise; succinct
  12. poor; humble; low-ranking
  13. (mathematics) to reduce (a fraction)
  14. to prepare; to equip
  15. to seek; to pursue
  16. to estimate; to approximate; to reckon
  17. (colloquial) to weigh; to weigh on a balance or scale
  18. approximately; about

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. Approximately

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Kanji in this term
やく
Grade: 4
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

(hiragana やく, rōmaji yaku)

  1. about, approximately
     (やく) (いっ) (げつ)
    yaku ikkagetsu
    approximately one month
     () (ちゅう) (ちょっ) (けい) (やく)930 (きゅうひゃくさんじゅう)億光年 (おくこうねん)だ。
    Uchū no chokkei wa yaku kyūhyakusanjū-oku kōnen da.
    The diameter of the universe is some ninety-three billion light years.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yak, yo) (hangeul , , revised yak, yo, McCune-Reischauer yak, yo, Yale yak, yo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ước, yêu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.