Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+7D04, 約
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D04

[U+7D03]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D05]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 女火心戈 (VFPI) or 女火心一 (VFPM), four-corner 27920, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 915, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27242
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1343, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3364, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+7D04

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
約-silk.svg 約-bigseal.svg 約-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*preːwɢs
*preːwɢs, *preːwɢ
*breːw, *b·reːwɢs
*ʔreːwɢs, *ʔreːwɢ
*plew, *pʰlew, *bljewɢ, *pleːwɢ
*ʔlewɢs, *ʔlewɢ
*pleːwʔ, *pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢs
*teːwɢs
*ɡleːwʔ, *spʰlewɢ, *pl'ewɢ, *bljewɢ, *pleːwɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ, *bljewɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ
*pljewɢ, *bljewɢ
*bljewɢ, *sbreːwɢ
*bljewɢ
*qlewɢ, *qreːwɢ
礿 *lewɢ
*preːwɢ, *pleːwɢ
*breːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ
*pleːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔlewɢs, *ʔlewɢ): semantic (rope) + phonetic (OC *pljewɢ, *bljewɢ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: yāo - only the sense of “to weigh on a balance or scale”.
Note:
  • iók - literary;
  • ióh - vernacular.
Note:
  • iok/iak - literary;
  • ioh - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yɛ⁵⁵/
Harbin /iau⁴⁴/
/yɛ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ye²¹/
Jinan /yə²¹³/
Qingdao /yə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /yo²⁴/
Xi'an /yo²¹/
Xining /yu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ye¹³/
Lanzhou /yə¹³/
Ürümqi /yɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /io²¹³/
Chengdu /yo³¹/
Guiyang /io²¹/
Kunming /io³¹/
Nanjing /ioʔ⁵/
Hefei /yɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ²/
Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /yaʔ⁴³/ 大~
/iɔ³¹/ ~一~
Wu Shanghai /iaʔ⁵/
Suzhou /iɑʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔiɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /j̠a²¹³/
Hui Shexian /iɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /io⁵/
Xiang Changsha /io²⁴/
Xiangtan /io²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /iɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iok̚¹/
Taoyuan /ʒok̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jœk̚²/
Nanning /jœk̚³³/
Hong Kong /jœk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iɔk̚³²/
/ioʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iak̚²/
/ioʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /iɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (34) (34)
Final () (91) (107)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔiᴇuH/ /ʔɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔiɛuH/ /ʔiɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔjæuH/ /ʔiɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔiawH/ /ʔɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔiɛuH/ /ʔiak̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭɛuH/ /ĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ɛuH/ /ʔi̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yào yue
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yào yuē
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjiewH › ‹ ʔjak ›
Old
Chinese
/*[q]ewk-s/ /*[q](r)ewk/
English bond, agreement (n.) bind (v.), make an agreement

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11181 11201
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔlewɢs/ /*ʔlewɢ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to bundle up; to bind
  2. rope; cord
  3. to restrain; to limit; to keep under control
  4. to make an appointment; to arrange
  5. appointment; meeting; arrangement
  6. treaty; agreement; covenant; pact
  7. to invite or ask in advance
  8. to hinder; to block
  9. to save; to economise
  10. frugal; economical; thrifty
  11. brief; concise; succinct
  12. poor; humble; low-ranking
  13. (mathematics) to reduce (a fraction)
  14. to prepare; to equip
  15. to seek; to pursue
  16. to estimate; to approximate; to reckon
  17. (colloquial) to weigh; to weigh on a balance or scale
  18. approximately; about

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. Approximately

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Adverb[edit]

‎(hiragana やく, romaji yaku)

  1. about, approximately
     (やく) (いっ) (げつ)
    yaku ikkagetsu
    approximately one month
    宇宙 (うちゅう)直径 (ちょっけい) (やく)930億光年 (おくこうねん)だ。
    Uchū no chokkei wa yaku 930 oku kōnen da.
    The diameter of the universe is some ninety-three billion light years.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yak, yo) (hangeul , , revised yak, yo, McCune-Reischauer yak, yo, Yale yak, yo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ước, yêu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.