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U+7D1A, 級
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D1A

[U+7D19]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D1B]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +4 in Chinese, 糸+3 in Japanese, in Chinese 10 strokes, in Japanese 9 strokes, cangjie input 女火弓竹水 (VFNHE), four-corner 27947, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 918, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27294
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1348, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3366, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7D1A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
級-bigseal.svg 級-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
趿 *sqʰɯːb
*sqʰɯːb, *sqʰrɯb
*sqʰɯːb, *sqʰaːb
*sqʰɯːb
*ŋɡɯːb
*ŋɡɯːb, *kʰab
*skʰrɯːb
*skʰrɯːb, *ɡrab, *ɡab, *ɡrɯb
*ɡrab, *kab
*ɡrab, *ɡab
*ɡab
*sqʰrɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*krɯb
*ɡrɯb
*ŋɡrɯb
*qʰrɯb

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *krɯb): semantic (thread) + phonetic (OC *ɡrɯb).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (142)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiɪp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚip̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiep̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjip̚/
Li
Rong
/kjəp̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭĕp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯əp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ji
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kip ›
Old
Chinese
/*k(r)əp/
English degree, grade

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5659
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯb/

Noun[edit]

  1. level, rank, class
  2. grade

Compounds[edit]

Classifier[edit]

  1. (archaic) a measure word for human heads

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

kipu → kiɸu → *kiwu → kiu → kyuː.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きゅう, romaji kyū, historical hiragana きふ)

  1. rank
  2. (school) a class

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 進級 (しんきゅう, ​shinkyū)
  • 等級 (とうきゅう, ​tōkyū)
  • 階級 (かいきゅう, ​kaikyū)
  • 下級 (かきゅう, ​kakyū)
  • 上級 (じょうきゅう, ​jōkyū)
  • 同級生 (どうきゅうせい, ​dōkyūsei)
  • 高級 (こうきゅう, ​kōkyū)
  • 比較級 (ひかくきゅう, ​hikakukyū)
  • 最上級 (さいじょうきゅう, ​saijōkyū)
  • 級数 (きゅうすう, ​kyūsū)
  • 等差級数 (とうさきゅうすう, ​tōsakyūsū)
  • 調和級数 (ちょうわきゅうすう, ​chōwakyūsū)
  • 収束級数 (しゅうそくきゅうすう, ​shūsokukyūsū)
  • 等比級数 (とうひきゅうすう, ​tōhikyūsū)
  • 無限級数 (むげんきゅうすう, ​mugenkyūsū)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geup)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: geup, McCune-Reischauer: kŭp, Yale: kup)
  • Name (hangeul): 등급 (revised: deunggeup, McCune-Reischauer: dŭnggŭp)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cấp, cóp, khớp, cụp, khởi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.