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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(thread) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +4 in Chinese, 糸+3 in Japanese, in Chinese 10 strokes, in Japanese 9 strokes, cangjie input 女火弓竹水 (VFNHE), four-corner 27947, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 918, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27294
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1348, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3366, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7D1A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɪp̚/ /ki̯əp̚/ /kiəp̚/ /kip̚/ /kip̚/ /kĭĕp̚/ /kjep̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kip › /*k(r)əp/ degree, grade

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5659 1 /*krɯb/

Noun[edit]

  1. level, rank, class
  2. grade

Classifier[edit]

  1. (archaic) a measure word for human heads

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

kipu → kiɸu → *kiwu → kiu → kyuː.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きゅう, romaji kyū, historical hiragana きふ)

  1. rank
  2. (school) a class

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geup)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: geup, McCune-Reischauer: kŭp, Yale: kup)
  • Name (hangeul): 등급 (revised: deunggeup, McCune-Reischauer: dŭnggŭp)
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Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cấp, cóp, khớp, cụp, khởi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.