素敵

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
てき
Grade: 5
on’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally a compound of (su, abbreviation of 素晴らしい (subarashii, wonderful, superb)) +‎ (-teki, -ish, -like, adjectivizing suffix).[1][2][3][4] First appears in the Edo period.[1][2][3]

The use of (teki, enemy) instead of (teki, -ish, -like) is an example of phonetic ateji (当て字).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

素敵 (-na inflection, hiragana すてき, katakana ステキ, rōmaji suteki)

  1. lovely
  2. wonderful, splendid

Usage notes[edit]

  • This is an example of a word that can be spelled with katakana to convey an informal conversational tone.
  • Generally regarded as an informal word to be used in speech, and not in formal writing.[4]

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0