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See also:
U+7D46, 絆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D46

[U+7D45]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D47]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 女火火手 (VFFQ), four-corner 29950, composition)

  1. loop, catch
  2. fetter, shackle
  3. to trip, stumble, hinder

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 921, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27376
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1354, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3386, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7D46

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*paːns
*paːns
*paːns
*paːns, *pʰaːns
*pʰaːn, *baːnʔ
*pʰaːn, *brons, *pʰaːn, *puns
*pʰaːnʔ
*pʰaːns
*pʰaːns
*pʰaːns
*pʰaːns
*pʰaːns
*pʰaːns
*baːn
*baːnʔ, *baːns
*baːns
*baːns
*ban

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/puɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʷɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/puɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pwanH/
Li
Rong
/puɑnH/
Wang
Li
/puɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/puɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 244
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*paːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. ties, bonds

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(kizuna): bond between people between family or relationship.
Kanji in this term
きずな
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

/ki2 tuna/ invalid IPA characters (2)/kiduna//kjizɨna/

Probably a compound of  () (ki, riding horseback) +  (つな) (tsuna, rope), from the way a rider binds his horse before resting. Later adapted to a more abstract meaning of "bonding". (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きずな, rōmaji kizuna, historical hiragana きづな)

  1. bond between people (relationship e.g. of mutual loyalty)
  2. fetter

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふもだし
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Attested in the Man'yōshū.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ふもだし, rōmaji fumodashi)

  1. rope used to bind a horse

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほだし
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Likely a sound shift from Old Japanese fumodashi, above. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?) The stem or continuative form of  (ほだ) (hodasu).[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ほだし, rōmaji hodashi)

  1. fetters, shackles
  2. (by extension) a hindrance, e.g., to freedom

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ban) (hangeul , revised ban, McCune-Reischauer pan, Yale pan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.