絕纓

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See also: 绝缨

Chinese[edit]

 
cut short; extinct; to disappear; to vanish; absolutely; by no means
tassel of hat
trad. (絕纓)
simp. (绝缨)

Etymology[edit]

楚莊王日暮酒酣燈燭有人美人美人冠纓:「冠纓絕纓。」:「使失禮奈何婦人?」左右:「今日寡人冠纓。」有餘冠纓上火卻敵得勝莊王:「寡人德薄未嘗何故出死如是?」:「往者失禮隱忍不敢蔭蔽顯報常願肝腦塗地絕纓。」得以陰德陽報 [MSC, trad.][▼ expand/hide]
楚庄王日暮酒酣灯烛有人美人美人冠缨:“冠缨绝缨。”:“使失礼奈何妇人?”左右:“今日寡人冠缨。”有余冠缨上火却敌得胜庄王:“寡人德薄未尝何故出死如是?”:“往者失礼隐忍不敢荫蔽显报常愿肝脑涂地绝缨。”得以阴德阳报 [MSC, simp.]
From: c. 77 BCE: Liu Xiang, Garden of Stories/Chapter 6 (說苑/卷006) (Wiktionary translation)
Chǔzhuāngwáng cì qún chén jiǔ, rìmù jiǔhān, dēngzhú miè, nǎi yǒurén yǐn měirén zhī yī zhě, měirén yuán jué qí guànyīng, gào wáng yuē: “Jīn zhě zhú miè, yǒu yǐn qiè yī zhě, qiè yuán dé qí guànyīng chí zhī, qù huǒ lái shàng, shì juéyīng zhě.” Wáng yuē: “Cì rén jiǔ, shǐ zuì shīlǐ, nàihé yù xiǎn fùrén zhī jié ér rǔ shì hū?” Nǎi mìng zuǒyòu yuē: “Jīnrì yǔ guǎrén yǐn, bù jué guànyīng zhě bù 懽.” Qún chén bǎi yǒuyú rén jiē jué qù qí guànyīng ér shànghuǒ, zú jìn 懽 ér bà. Jū sān nián, Jìn yǔ Chǔ zhàn, yǒu yī chén cháng zài qián, wǔ hé wǔ fèn, shǒu quèdí, zú déshèng zhī, Zhuāngwáng guài ér wèn yuē: “Guǎrén débó, yòu wèicháng yì zǐ, zǐ hégù chūsǐ bù yí rúshì?” Duì yuē: “Chén dāng sǐ, wǎngzhě zuì shīlǐ, wáng yǐnrěn bù jiā zhū yě; chén zhōng bùgǎn yǐ yīnbì zhī dé ér bù xiǎnbào wáng yě, chángyuàn gānnǎotúdì, yòng jǐng xuè jiān dí jiǔ yǐ, chén nǎi yè juéyīng zhě.” Suì bài Jìn jūn, Chǔ déyǐ qiáng, cǐ yǒu yīndé zhě bì yǒu yángbào yě. [Pinyin]
King Zhuang of Chu threw a banquet for a bunch of his ministers. As nightfall approached, many of them became tipsy. At one point, the candles blew out, and someone took advantage of the darkness to grab at the queen's garments. The queen caught hold of the cord which held the person's headpiece in place, yanked it off, then said to the king, "After the candles blew out, someone grabbed at my clothes. I yanked off the cord which holds his headpiece in place. Bring over a candle so that I can see who is missing a cord for their headpiece." The king said, "I have offered wine to these men, causing them to get tipsy and forget their manners. How can I, in good conscience, humiliate one of these gentlemen, just so that I can demonstrate the virtue of my wife?" With that, he instructed his attendents, saying, "For all of those who are now drinking with me, anyone who doesn't remove the cord holding their headpiece will bring me displeasure." After more than 100 ministers removed the cords which held their headpieces in place, all of the candles were relit. All of the king's subjects were happy, and that was the end of it. Three years later, Jin made war with Chu. One of the king's ministers was constantly in the front ranks. He fought in five bouts, defeating the enemy, and causing them to retreat in each case. King Zhuang thought it strange, and asked him, "I am not a particularly virtuous person, nor have I granted you any special favors. Why would you fight like this, as if your life depended on it?" The man responded, "I should have been put to death. A few years ago, I got drunk and forgot my manners. Your Majesty showed restraint and did not put me to death. I would never dare not overtly repay Your Majesty's covert kindness. I would rather put my life on the line and drown the enemy in my own blood, for I am the one whose headpiece cord was yanked off on that night." The Jin army was subsequently defeated, and Chu became stronger. This goes to show that covert kindnesses have overt rewards.

Pronunciation[edit]


Verb[edit]

絕纓

  1. (archaic) to yank off the cord which holds someone's headpiece in place