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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(net) +  ‎(mistake)

Han character[edit]

(radical 122 +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 田中中一卜 (WLLMY), four-corner 60111, composition)

  1. crime, sin, vice
  2. evil
  3. hardship

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 948, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28293
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1389, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2920, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7F6A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡suei⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡suei⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡suei⁵³/
Jinan /t͡suei²¹/
Qingdao /t͡sue⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡suei³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡suei⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡suɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡suei¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡suei¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡suei²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sei³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡suei¹³/
Guiyang /t͡suei²¹³/
Kunming /t͡suei²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡suəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡se⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suei⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡suæ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡suei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ze¹³/
Suzhou /ze̞³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷei¹³/
Wenzhou /zai³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰye²²/
Tunxi /t͡sʰə²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sei⁵⁵/
/t͡sei¹¹/
Xiangtan /d͡zəi²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰui²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰui⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰui⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡søy²²/
Nanning /t͡sui²²/
Hong Kong /t͡søy²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sue²²/
/t͡se²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɔy²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡so⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sue³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tui³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (15)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuʌiX/ /d͡zʱuɑ̆iX/ /d͡zuᴀiX/ /d͡zuoiX/ /d͡zwəjX/ /d͡zuɒiX/ /d͡zuɒiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zuì ‹ dzwojX › /*[dz]ˤujʔ/ crime, offense

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17981 2 /*zuːlʔ/ 同辠

Definitions[edit]

  1. crime
  2. sin

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana つみ, romaji tsumi)

  1. guilt
  2. sin
  3. offence

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(joe) (hangeul , revised joe, McCune-Reischauer choe, Yale coy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tội, tụi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.