美しい

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
うつく(しい)
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From the attributive form of the Early Middle Japanese adjective utsukushi: /utsukushiki/ > /utsukushii/, with the medial /-k-/ falling out.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

美しい (-i inflection, hiragana うつくしい, rōmaji utsukushii)

  1. beautiful
    • 1999 July 22, “ハーピィ・レディ [Harpie Lady]”, in Vol.4 (in Japanese), Konami:
       (ひと) (はね)のはえたけもの。 (うつ)しく () (れい) ()い、 (するど) (こう) (げき)する。
      Hito ni hane no haeta kemono. Utsushiku karei ni mai, surudoku kōgekisuru.
      A human-shaped beast with wings. Beautifully magnificent at dancing, but also nimble at attacking.

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

美しい (-i inflection, hiragana いつくしい, rōmaji itsukushii)

  1. (archaic) beautiful
    • c. 14-16th century: Kazashi no Himegimi
      姫君一人おはします。[...] 御かたちを見るに、髪のかかり、眉、口つき、いつくしくて [...]

References[edit]

  • Ichiko, Teiji; Osamu Akiya, Taizō Sawai, Kazuo Tajima, Kazuo Tokuda (1989) Shin Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei: Muromachi Monogatari Shū (Jō) (in Japanese), Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4-00-240054-9, pages 291-309
  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3