美人

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Chinese[edit]

beautiful
pretty
lovely
person
(女人: woman)
simp. and trad.
(美人)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

美人

  1. beautiful woman; beauty; lovely lady
  2. (archaic) royal consort

Synonyms[edit]

  • (beautiful woman):
edit

Derived terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (美人):
  • Japanese: ()(じん) (bijin)
  • Korean: 미인 (美人, miin)
  • Vietnamese: mĩ nhân (美人)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
じん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 美人 (MC mˠiɪX ȵiɪn, literally “beautiful (especially feminine) + person”). Compare modern Min Nan reading bí-jîn.

The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

美人(びじん) (bijin

  1. a beautiful woman, a beauty, a belle
    モナ・リザといえばやはり美人(びじん)ですね。
    Mona Riza to ieba yahari bijin desu ne.
    That Mona Lisa, she really is a beauty, isn't she.
  2. a handsome man
  3. (rare) an ideal ruler or sage, worthy of one's love and respect
  4. (historical) in ancient China, the fifth of fourteen ranks for imperial ladies-in-waiting
  5. (figuratively) a euphemism for a rainbow
Usage notes[edit]

The beautiful woman sense is the most common in everyday use.

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かおよ
Grade: 3
ひと > びと
Grade: 1
Irregular

Compound of (kao, face) +‎ (yo, good, the stem of adjective 良い yoi, “good”) +‎ (hito, person).[2][1] The hito changes to bito as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

The kanji spelling for the kaoyo portion of the reading is an example of jukujikun.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
    • IPA(key): [ka̠o̞jo̞bʲito̞]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

美人(かおよびと) (kaoyobito (historical kana かほよびと)

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) a beautiful woman, a beauty, a belle

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

美人 (miin) (hangeul 미인)

  1. Hanja form? of 미인 (a beautiful woman, a beauty, a belle).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

美人

  1. Hán tự form of mĩ nhân (a beautiful woman).