老子

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Chinese[edit]

 
old; aged; venerable
old; aged; venerable; outdated; experienced; (affectionate prefix)
 
child; son; (noun suffix)
child; son; (noun suffix); small thing; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch; 11 pm-1 am; midnight
simp. and trad.
(老子)
Wikipedia has articles on:

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (37) (13)
Final () (89) (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑuX/ /t͡sɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑuX/ /t͡sɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑuX/ /t͡sieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lawX/ /t͡sɨX/
Li
Rong
/lɑuX/ /t͡siəX/
Wang
Li
/lɑuX/ /t͡sĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑuX/ /t͡siX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lǎo
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ lawX › ‹ tsiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.rˁuʔ/ /*tsəʔ/
English old child; gentleman, master

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 7666 17857
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ruːʔ/ /*ʔslɯʔ/

Proper noun[edit]

老子

  1. Laozi (604–531 B.C.E.), a Chinese philosopher, and founder of Taoism
  2. Laozi (also called Tao Te Ching, a book of philosophy supposedly written by Laozi)
Descendants[edit]
Sino-Xenic (老子):

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (37) (13)
Final () (89) (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑuX/ /t͡sɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑuX/ /t͡sɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑuX/ /t͡sieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lawX/ /t͡sɨX/
Li
Rong
/lɑuX/ /t͡siəX/
Wang
Li
/lɑuX/ /t͡sĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑuX/ /t͡siX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lǎo

Pronoun[edit]

老子

  1. (colloquial, chiefly men's speech, sometimes humorous) I; me
    老子老闆 [MSC, trad.]
    老子老板 [MSC, simp.]
    Lǎozi cái bù pà lǎobǎn ne. [Pinyin]
    I'm not afraid of the boss.
Usage notes[edit]

When 老子 (lǎozi) is used this way, it often gives off an arrogant, angry, childish or humorous tone.

Noun[edit]

老子

  1. old man
  2. (slang) father; old man
  3. (dated or regional) son; young man (i.e. a mother scolding her son)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おい
Grade: 4
こ > ご
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Compound of 老い (oi, stem of verb oiru, to become old) +‎ (ko, child). The ko changes to go due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(おい)() (oigo

  1. a child of older parents
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ろう
Grade: 4

Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(ろう)() (Rōshiらうし (rausi)?

  1. Laozi, a philosopher of ancient China
  2. the Tao Te Ching, a book of philosophy supposedly written by Laozi
Further reading[edit]