老子

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Chinese[edit]

 
old; aged; venerable
old; aged; venerable; outdated; experienced; (affectionate prefix)
 
child; son; (noun suffix)
child; son; (noun suffix); small thing; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch; 11 pm-1 am; midnight
trad. (老子)
simp. #(老子)
Wikipedia has articles on:

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (37) (13)
Final () (89) (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑuX/ /t͡sɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑuX/ /t͡sɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑuX/ /t͡sieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lawX/ /t͡sɨX/
Li
Rong
/lɑuX/ /t͡siəX/
Wang
Li
/lɑuX/ /t͡sĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑuX/ /t͡siX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lǎo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
lou5 zi2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ lawX › ‹ tsiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.rˁuʔ/ /*tsəʔ/
English old child; gentleman, master

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 7666 17857
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ruːʔ/ /*ʔslɯʔ/

Proper noun[edit]

老子

  1. Laozi (604–531 BCE), a Chinese philosopher, and founder of Taoism
  2. Laozi (also called Tao Te Ching, a book of philosophy supposedly written by Laozi)
Descendants[edit]
Sino-Xenic (老子):

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (37) (13)
Final () (89) (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑuX/ /t͡sɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑuX/ /t͡sɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑuX/ /t͡sieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lawX/ /t͡sɨX/
Li
Rong
/lɑuX/ /t͡siəX/
Wang
Li
/lɑuX/ /t͡sĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑuX/ /t͡siX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lǎo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
lou5 zi2

Pronoun[edit]

老子

  1. (colloquial, chiefly men's speech, sometimes humorous) I; me
    老子老闆 [MSC, trad.]
    老子老板 [MSC, simp.]
    Lǎozi cái bù pà lǎobǎn ne. [Pinyin]
    I'm not afraid of the boss.
Usage notes[edit]

When 老子 (lǎozi) is used this way, it often gives off an arrogant, angry, childish or humorous tone.

Noun[edit]

老子

  1. old man
  2. (slang) father; old man
  3. (dated or regional) son; young man (i.e. a mother scolding her son)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
ろう
Grade: 4

Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 老子 (MC lɑuX t͡sɨX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(ろう)() (Rōshiらうし (rausi)?

  1. Laozi
  2. the works of Laozi: synonym of 老子道徳経 (Rōshi Dōtokukyō, Tao Te Ching)
Usage notes[edit]

The Tao Te Ching is known in Japanese by three possible names:[3][4][5]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ろう
Grade: 4

Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 老子 (MC lɑuX t͡sɨX), based on the literal meanings of the characters (old; an elder) + (diminutive suffix).

First attested in this use in a text from 1694.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

(ろう)() (rōshi

  1. [from 1694] (archaic) you (addressing an elderly person)

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
お(い)
Grade: 4
こ > ご
Grade: 1
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of 老子 – see the following entry.
[noun] [from late 1000s] (archaic) a child of older parents
(This term, 老子, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  4. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  5. ^ 老子”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
  6. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

老子 (Noja) (hangeul 노자)

  1. Hanja form? of 노자 (Laozi).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Proper noun[edit]

老子

  1. chữ Hán form of Lão Tử (Laozi).