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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(meat, body part) – a body part, the kidneys.

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 尸水月 (SEB), four-corner 77227)

  1. kidneys
  2. testes, gizzard

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 987, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29621
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1439, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2086, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+814E

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (腎), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 時忍切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiɪnX/ /ʑi̯ĕnX/ /ʑiĕnX/ /d͡ʑinX/ /d͡ʑinX/ /ʑĭĕnX/ /d͡ʑjenX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shèn ‹ dzyinX › /*Cə.[ɡ]i[n]ʔ/ kidney

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1344 1 /*ɡjinʔ/

Noun[edit]

  1. kidney

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/murato1/ → /murato/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana むらと, romaji murato)

  1. kidney

Etymology 2[edit]

From earlier /murato/. Voicing suggests that it was originally a compound of mura and to.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana むらど, romaji murado)

  1. kidney
    • 931-938, Wamyō Ruijushō (book 2 page 35-36)
      腎 白虎通云 時忍反 上聲之重 无良度 [...] 水之精也 色黑 [...] 水藏也 [...]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]



Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sin) (hangeul , revised sin, McCune-Reischauer sin, Yale sin)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thận)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.