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U+8150, 腐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8150

[U+814F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8151]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 戈戈人月人 (IIOBO), four-corner 00227, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 987, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29625
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1439, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 2933, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8150

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *boʔ): phonetic (OC *poʔ) + semantic (ribs, flesh, body) – decay as aspect of the flesh.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Sixian:
    • fû - to become powdery from decay;
    • fu - in 豆腐.
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • bô - vernacular;
    • hô - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hū - vernacular;
    • hú - literary.
    Note: hu7 - used in 豆腐.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /fu²¹⁴/
    Harbin /fu²¹³/
    Tianjin /fu¹³/
    Jinan /fu⁴²/
    Qingdao /fu⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /fu⁵³/
    Xi'an /fu⁵³/
    Xining /fv̩⁵³/
    Yinchuan /fu⁵³/
    Lanzhou /fu⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /fu⁵¹/
    Wuhan /fu⁴²/
    Chengdu /fu⁵³/
    Guiyang /fu⁴²/
    Kunming /fu⁵³/
    Nanjing /fu²¹²/
    Hefei /fu²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /fu⁵³/
    Pingyao /xu⁵³/
    Hohhot /fu⁵³/ ~竹
    /fəʔ⁴³/ 豆~
    Wu Shanghai /ɦu²³/
    /vu²³/
    Suzhou /vu³¹/
    Hangzhou /vu¹³/
    Wenzhou /vøy²²/
    Hui Shexian /fu³⁵/
    Tunxi /fu³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /fu⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ɸu⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /fu²¹³/ 豆~
    Hakka Meixian /fu⁵³/ 豆~
    Taoyuan /fu³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fu²²/
    Nanning /fu²²/
    Hong Kong /fu²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hu⁵³/
    /hu²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pou²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xu²¹/
    /xu⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hu³³/
    /hu³⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fu³¹/ ~敗
    /hu²³/ 豆~

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bɨoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bioX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /bioX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /buə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /bioX/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    fu6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjuX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[b](r)oʔ/
    English rotten

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3524
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*boʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to rot; to decay; to spoil

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Isan: ฟุย
    • Lao: ຟຸຍ (fu nya)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. to spoil, rot, corrode, moulder
    2. to speak ill of

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 썩을 (sseogeul bu))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Hán Tự[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: hủ, phụ

    1. Hán tự form of hủ (to spoil, to rot).
    Derived terms[edit]