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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *boʔ): phonetic  ‎(OC *poʔ) + semantic  ‎(ribs, flesh, body) – decay as aspect of the flesh.

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 戈戈人月人 (IIOBO), four-corner 00227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 987, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29625
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1439, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2933, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8150

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fu²¹⁴/
Harbin /fu²¹³/
Tianjin /fu¹³/
Jinan /fu⁴²/
Qingdao /fu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /fu⁵³/
Xi'an /fu⁵³/
Xining /fv̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /fu⁵³/
Lanzhou /fu⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /fu⁵¹/
Wuhan /fu⁴²/
Chengdu /fu⁵³/
Guiyang /fu⁴²/
Kunming /fu⁵³/
Nanjing /fu²¹²/
Hefei /fu²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /fu⁵³/
Pingyao /xu⁵³/
Hohhot /fu⁵³/ ~竹
/fəʔ⁴³/ 豆~
Wu Shanghai /ɦu²³/
/vu²³/
Suzhou /vu³¹/
Hangzhou /vu¹³/
Wenzhou /vøy²²/
Hui Shexian /fu³⁵/
Tunxi /fu³¹/
Xiang Changsha /fu⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ɸu⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /fu/ 豆~
Hakka Meixian /fu⁵³/ 豆~
Taoyuan /fu³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fu²²/
Nanning /fu²²/
Hong Kong /fu²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hu⁵³/
/hu²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pou²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xu²¹/
/xu⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hu³¹/
/hu³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fu³¹/ ~敗
/hu²³/ 豆~

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/bioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/bioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buə̆X/
Li
Rong
/bioX/
Wang
Li
/bĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b](r)oʔ/
English rotten

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3524
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*boʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. rot, decay, spoil
  2. rotten

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. to spoil, rot, corrode, moulder
  2. to speak ill of

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: bu, McCune-Reischauer: pu, Yale: pu)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hủ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.