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U+81BD, 膽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81BD

[U+81BC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81BE]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 月弓金口 (BNCR), four-corner 77261, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 995, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29933
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1446, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2117, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+81BD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
膽-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːm, *taːm, *taːms
*taːm, *taːms
*ʔl'aːm
*taːm
*taːmʔ
*taːmʔ, *tjamʔ
*daːm, *daːmʔ, *daːms
*daːmʔ, *daːms
*tjam
*tjam
*tjam, *djam
*tjam
*tjam, *daːb, *tjaːb
*tʰjam, *tʰjams
*tʰjam, *tʰjams
*tʰjams
*djams
*lam
*lam
*tʰeːm, *tʰeːms

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tám - literary;
  • táⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (143)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɑmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɑmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tamX/
Li
Rong
/tɑmX/
Wang
Li
/tɑmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tamX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[t]ˤamʔ/
English gall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16751
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*taːmʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. gallbladder
    /   ―  dǎnnáng  ―  gall bladder
  2. guts, courage, bravery, strength
    /   ―  dǎn  ―  bold

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dam) (hangeul , revised dam, McCune-Reischauer tam, Yale tam)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đảm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.