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See also:
U+81BD, 膽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81BD

[U+81BC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81BE]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 月弓金口 (BNCR), four-corner 77261, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 995, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29933
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1446, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2117, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+81BD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
Wikipedia has articles on:
膽 (臟腑) (Written Standard Chinese?)
Gallbladder (English)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
膽-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːm, *taːm, *taːms
*taːm, *taːms
*ʔl'aːm
*taːm
*taːmʔ
*taːmʔ, *tjamʔ
*daːm, *daːmʔ, *daːms
*daːmʔ, *daːms
*tjam
*tjam
*tjam, *djam
*tjam
*tjam, *daːb, *tjaːb
*tʰjam, *tʰjams
*tʰjam, *tʰjams
*tʰjams
*djams
*lam
*lam
*tʰeːm, *tʰeːms

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *taːmʔ): semantic  (body part) + phonetic  (OC *tjam).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • táⁿ - vernacular;
  • tám - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (143)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tɑmX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tɑmX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tɑmX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tamX/
    Li
    Rong
    /tɑmX/
    Wang
    Li
    /tɑmX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tɑmX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dǎn
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tamX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[t]ˤamʔ/
    English gall

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16751
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*taːmʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (anatomy) gallbladder
      /   ―  dǎnnáng  ―  gall bladder
    2. (figuratively) guts; courage; bravery; strength
      /   ―  dǎn  ―  bold
      / [Cantonese]  ―  mou5 daam2 gwai2 [Jyutping]  ―  coward
    3. inner container; liner (of a thermos); bladder (of a ball)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (dam) (hangeul , revised dam, McCune-Reischauer tam, Yale tam)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (đảm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.