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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 月卜廿心 (BYTP), four-corner 70236)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 996, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29951
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1447, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2118, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+81C6

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(body) + phonetic 

Etymology[edit]

Compare Proto-Tai *ʔɤkᴰ ‎(chest), whence Thai อก ‎(òk). Cognate with (“mind”) and (“to remember”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɨk̚/ /ʔi̯ək̚/ /ʔiək̚/ /ʔɨk̚/ /ʔik̚/ /ĭək̚/ /ʔiek̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔik › /*ʔ(r)ək/ bosom

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15158 0 /*qɯɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. chest, breast, bosom
  2. thought

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. mind; thought
  2. repress one's mind
  3. expect many things

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 2001
  • Halpern: 765
  • Halpern Learners: 530
  • Heisig: 632
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 4k13.5
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(eok) (hangeul , revised eok, McCune-Reischauer ŏk, Yale ek)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ức)

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