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U+81C6, 臆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81C6

[U+81C5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81C7]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 月卜廿心 (BYTP), four-corner 70236, composition(GJK) or ⿰(HTV))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 996, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29951
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1447, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2118, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+81C6

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
臆-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qɯɡ): semantic  (body) + phonetic  (OC *qɯɡs).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms var. and 2nd‐round simp.
𩪣
𩪙

Compare Proto-Tai *ʔɤkᴰ (chest), whence Thai อก (òk). Cognate with (OC *qɯɡs, “mind”) and (OC *qɯɡ, “to remember”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • êg8 - Chaozhou;
  • êg4 - Shantou.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (134)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɨk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔɨk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiek̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔik̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯ək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔik ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔ(r)ək/
    English bosom

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15158
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qɯɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. chest; breast; bosom
    2. thought

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp. #
    alternative forms
    亿

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Note:
    • iêh4 - Chaozhou;
    • ioh4 - Shantou.

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Min Nan) to guess
    Synonyms[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. chest; breast; heart
    2. to repress one's mind; to be hesitant in one's thoughts
    3. timid; nervous; afraid

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    おく
    Grade: S
    goon

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔɨk̚).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (おく) (oku

    1. chest
    2. guess; conjecture
    3. timid; nervous

    Derived terms[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eok) (hangeul , revised eok, McCune–Reischauer ŏk, Yale ek)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (ức)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]