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U+81C9, 臉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81C9

[U+81C8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81CA]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 月人一人 (BOMO), four-corner 78286, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 996, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29954
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1447, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2117, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+81C9

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raːm, *kʰreːm, *kʰlam
*qʰlaːm
*ɡ·reːmʔ, *skʰlam, *kramʔ
*ɡr·reːmʔ, *skʰraːmʔ
*kreːmʔ, *skʰlam
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰram
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams, *qʰramʔ
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰlam
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *kramʔ
*ɡ·ramʔ
*ɡ·rams
*skʰlam
*skʰlam
*skʰlam, *skʰlamʔ, *sqʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*skʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*kramʔ
*kramʔ
*ɡramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *rlɯmʔ, *kʰrɯmʔ
*ŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *hŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *ŋrams
*ŋrams
*qʰramʔ
*kams
*kams
𩏩 *qʰam

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·reːmʔ, *skʰlam, *kramʔ): semantic (body part) + phonetic (OC *skʰlam).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (14) (37)
Final () (153) (151)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiᴇm/ /lˠɛmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiɛm/ /lᵚæmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰjæm/ /lɐmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰiam/ /ləɨmX/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiɛm/ /lɐmX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭɛm/ /lɐmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯ɛm/ /lămX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiān lǎn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 10180 10203 10212
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·reːmʔ/ /*skʰlam/ /*kramʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. cheek
  2. (anatomy) face
  3. (by extension) facial expression; complexion
  4. (figuratively) front part of something
  5. (figuratively) reputation; face; image

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“face”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 面孔
Suzhou 面孔
Wenzhou 面股
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kiểm, quặm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.