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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 133 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一土人大 (MGOK), four-corner 18140, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1001, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30149
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1458, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2815, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+81F4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (9)
Final: (17)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈɣiɪH/ /ʈɯiH/ /ȶiɪH/ /ʈjiH/ /ȶjiH/ /ȶiH/ /ȶiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhì ‹ trijH › /*t<r>i[t]-s/ (cause to arrive): transmit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17336 2 /*tiɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. send, deliver, present
  2. to cause

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see ("delicate").
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chi) (hangeul , revised chi, McCune-Reischauer ch'i, Yale chi)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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