致す

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
いた
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese. Derived as the transitive/causative counterpart to intransitive verb 至る (itaru, to come; to go; to reach a point in time or space; to result in),[1] originally meaning the same as causative conjugation 至らせる (itaraseru, to make something or someone come or go; to make something reach a point in time or space; to cause a certain result).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

In modern Japanese, this word is generally written in hiragana, with the kanji spelling used in more formal writing.

Verb[edit]

致す (transitive, godan conjugation, hiragana いたす, rōmaji itasu)

  1. (humble) to do: the humble version of 為る (suru)

Usage notes[edit]

When speaking in formal situations, いたす is used in place of する by the speaker in deference to the listener. This is part of the subset of Japanese formal language (敬語 (keigo)) referred to as "humble" language (謙譲語 (kenjōgo)). This word has also found its way into certain common expressions, such as どういたしまして (dō itashimashite, it's all right; you're welcome).

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9