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U+821E, 舞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-821E

[U+821D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+821F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 136, +8, 14 strokes in Chinese, 15 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 人廿弓戈手 (OTNIQ), four-corner 80251, composition ⿱⿳𠂉)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1008, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30342
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1465, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 865, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+821E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
2nd round simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
舞-oracle.svg 舞-bronze.svg 舞-seal.svg 舞-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *maʔ): phonetic (OC *ma) + semantic (steps). A specific character for the dance sense of . See for more.

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps related to Tibetan བྲོ (bro, dance (noun)), or related to (OC *ma, “shaman”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • mou5-2 - “to mess with; to fiddle with”.
  • Hakka
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • bhu2 - literary;
    • mong6/mou6 - vernacular (dialectal).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɨoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mioX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /mioX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /muə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /mioX/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    mou5
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjuX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.m(r)aʔ/
    English dance (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13126
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*maʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to dance (move rhythmically)
      載歌載 / 载歌载  ―  zàigēzài  ―  to sing and dance; festive celebrations
    2. dance (performance art); dancing (Classifier: m;  m)
      芭蕾  ―  bālěi  ―  ballet
      中國 / 中国  ―  Zhōngguó   ―  Chinese dance
      一個 / 一个  ―  tiào yīge   ―  to perform a dance
    3. to dance with something in one's hands
      /   ―  shī  ―  to perform a lion dance
      火龍 / 火龙  ―  huǒlóng  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
    4. to wield; to brandish; to shake
      /   ―  jiàn  ―  to brandish a sword
    5. (literary or in compounds) to fly; to flutter
      眉飛色 / 眉飞色  ―  méifēisè  ―  to beam with joy
    6. (literary or in compounds) to play with
        ―    ―  to engage in fraudulent practices
      文弄墨  ―  wénnòngmò  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
    7. (Cantonese) to mess with; to tease
      新仔同事陀陀擰 [Cantonese, trad.]
      新仔同事陀陀拧 [Cantonese, simp.]
      di1 san1 zai2 bei2 tung4 si6 mou5-2 dou3 to4 to4-2 ning6. [Jyutping]
      The colleagues messed with the newbies big time.
    8. (Cantonese, Hokkien) to fiddle with; to be busy with; to handle; to operate
      半日麵包機 [Cantonese, trad.]
      半日面包机 [Cantonese, simp.]
      ngo5 mou5-2 zo2 bun3 jat6 dou1 mou5-2 m4 dim6 bou6 min6 baau1 gei1. [Jyutping]
      I've worked on this for half a day, but I still haven't figured out how this bread machine works.
    9. a surname: Wu

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (to dance):
    edit
    • 起舞 (qǐwǔ) (to begin dancing)
    • (dance): 舞蹈 (wǔdǎo)
    • (to wield):
    edit
    • (to flutter):
    edit
    • (to fly):
    edit
    • (to play with):
    edit

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Vietnamese: múa

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. dance
    2. flit
    3. circle
    4. wheel

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (まい) (mai

    1. a type of traditional Japanese dance consisting of simple and quiet movements

    See also[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (まい) (Mai

    1. a female given name

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (mu) (hangeul , revised mu, McCune–Reischauer mu, Yale mu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: , vụ, vỗ, thủy/thuỷ

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.