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See also:
U+8239, 船
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8239

[U+8238]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+823A]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
11 strokes

Alternative forms[edit]

The top-right part can be either or , depending on the script; Japanese: , Chinese: ; see Han unification

Han character[edit]

(radical 137, +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹卜金口 (HYCR) or 竹卜竹弓口 (HYHNR), four-corner 28460, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1010, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30407
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1468, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3060, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8239

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
Wikipedia has an article on:
拖斗挖泥船

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
船-bronze.svg 船-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series (沿) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɦljon
*ɦljon
沿 *lon
*lon
*kljoŋ, *lon

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦljon): semantic  (boat) + phonetic  (OC *lon).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-lawŋ (boat). Compare Burmese လောင်း (laung:, long and narrow boat).

Sagart (1999) interprets Old Chinese (OC *ɦljon) as a nominal derivate of the verb 沿 (OC *lon, “to go downstream a river”). The Fangyan states the this word was commonly used in western China, but, by Han times, it had completely desplaced the earlier (OC *tjɯw), used in central and eastern China.

Alternatively, the Proto-Sino-Tibetan root could be a loan from Proto-Mon-Khmer *d₂lu(u)ŋ ~ *d₂l(u)əŋ (boat), whence Mon ဂၠုၚ် (klɜ̀ŋ, canoe, small boat), perhaps a derivate of Proto-Mon-Khmer *luŋh ~ *luuŋh ~ *ləŋh (to hollow, excavate, bore), see Khmer លុង (lung, to dig a hole) and Vietnamese trũng (concave) (Sidwell, 2006; Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chûn - vernacular;
  • soân - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuan³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuan²⁴/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰuan⁴⁵/
    /t͡sʰuan⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuã⁴²/
    Qingdao /t͡sʰuã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuan⁴²/
    Xi'an /p͡fʰã²⁴/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuã²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuan⁵³/
    Lanzhou /p͡fʰɛ̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuan⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰuan²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰuan³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰuan²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰuã̠³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰʊ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuæ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡sʰuɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰʰuæ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /zø²³/
    Suzhou /zø¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷõ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /jy³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰye⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /ɕyɛ⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕyẽ¹³/
    Xiangtan /d͡ʑyẽ¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /sɵn⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /son¹¹/
    Taoyuan /ʃon¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /syn²¹/
    Nanning /syn²¹/
    Hong Kong /syn²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /suan³⁵/
    /t͡sun³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /yiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /tun³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (27)
    Final () (78)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʑiuᴇn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʑʷiɛn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʑjuæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʑwian/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ʑiuɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ʑĭwɛn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡ʑʰi̯wɛn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shuán
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chuán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ zywen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.lo[n]/
    English boat

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14278
    Phonetic
    component
    沿
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɦljon/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. watercraft; vessel (including ships, boats, sailing ships, hovercrafts; sometimes including submarines) (Classifier: m;  m;  m)
    2. an object with a shape or function similar to watercraft
      太空  ―  tàikōngchuán  ―  spaceship
      1. alcohol cup
    3. to carry by watercraft
    4. button
    5. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. ship, vessel, large ship

    Readings[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ふね
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ふね, rōmaji fune)

    1. ship, vessel, larger ship
    See also[edit]
    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ふな
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ふな, rōmaji funa)

    1. ship, vessel, larger ship
    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune–Reischauer sŏn, Yale sen)

    1. ship, boat, vessel

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thuyền)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.