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See also:
U+8239, 船
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8239

[U+8238]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+823A]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
11 strokes

Alternative forms[edit]

The top-right part can be either or , depending on the script; Japanese: , Chinese: ; see Han unification

Han character[edit]

(radical 137 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹卜金口 (HYCR) or 竹卜竹弓口 (HYHNR), four-corner 28460, composition)

  1. ship, boat, vessel

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1010, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30407
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1468, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3060, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8239

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
船-bronze.svg 船-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series (沿) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɦljon
*ɦljon
沿 *lon
*lon
*kljoŋ, *lon

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦljon): semantic  (boat) + phonetic  (OC *lon).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chûn - vernacular;
  • soân - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (27)
Final () (78)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑiuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑʷiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑjuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑwian/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiuɛn/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shuán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ zywen ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.lo[n]/
English boat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14278
Phonetic
component
沿
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljon/

Definitions[edit]

  1. ship; boat; vessel (Classifier: m;  m;  m)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. ship, vessel, large ship

Readings[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふね
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ふね, rōmaji fune)

  1. ship, vessel, larger ship
See also[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふな
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ふな, rōmaji funa)

  1. ship, vessel, larger ship
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn, Yale sen)

  1. ship, boat, vessel

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thuyền)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.