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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
船-bw.png

Alternative forms[edit]

The top-right part can be either or , depending on the script; Japanese: , Chinese: ; see Han unification

Han character[edit]

(radical 137 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹卜金口 (HYCR) or 竹卜竹弓口 (HYHNR), four-corner 28460, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1010, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30407
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1468, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3060, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8239

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦljon):  ‎(boat) + 

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuan³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuan²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰuan⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰuan⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuã⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰuã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuan⁴²/
Xi'an /p͡fʰã²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuan⁵³/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuan⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰuan²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰuan³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰuan²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰuã̠³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰʊ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰʰuæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zø¹³/
Suzhou /zø¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷõ²¹³/
Wenzhou /jy³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰye⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕyɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕyẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡ʑyẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sɵn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /son¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃon¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /syn²¹/
Nanning /syn²¹/
Hong Kong /syn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /suan³⁵/
/t͡sun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /yiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tun³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (27)
Final: (78)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shuán
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑiuᴇn/ /ʑʷiɛn/ /ʑjuæn/ /ʑwian/ /d͡ʑiuɛn/ /d͡ʑĭwɛn/ /d͡ʑʰi̯wɛn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chuán ‹ zywen › /*Cə.lo[n]/ boat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14278 沿 3 /*ɦljon/

Definitions[edit]

  1. ship; boat; vessel   (Classifier: m; m; m)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. ship, vessel, large ship

Readings[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふね
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ふね, romaji fune)

  1. ship, vessel, larger ship
See also[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふな
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ふな, romaji funa)

  1. ship, vessel, larger ship
See also[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn, Yale sen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thuyền)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.