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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 廿十水 (TJE), four-corner 44407)

  1. water caltrop

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1020, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30733
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1478, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3178, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+82B0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
芰-bigseal.svg 芰-seal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (13)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiᴇH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚiɛH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɛH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjiə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ɡjeH/
Wang
Li
/ɡǐeH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gie̯H/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjeH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]re-s/
English water-chestnut

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17232
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡres/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki, Yale ki)

  1. (마름): water caltrop, (also implausibly) water chestnut

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  1. ^ This was authored by several scholars at the direction of King Sejong of Yi Dynasty, concerning the folk medical herb gathering by month.
  2. ^ Cited by: 南廣祐 (1997). 敎學古語辭典. 敎學社. p. 538.
  3. ^ "" is a hanja rendering for 말밤(mal-bam), the origin of 마름(mareum, ) "water caltrop, water chestnut," literally, "coarse chestnut" such as "horse-chestnut".